- This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from any of the several places thus called, for example Ashford in Devon, Derbyshire, Shropshire, Kent and Middlesex. The last mentioned, recorded as "Ecelesford" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, dated 969 A.D., derives its first element from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name "Eccel" (from "ecg", a sword), plus the Olde English "ford", a ford; hence, "Eccels ford". Ashford in Kent, recorded as "Esselesford" in the 1046 Wills Records of that county, is so named from the Olde English "aesc-sceat" meaning "ash-copse". The others get their name from the Olde English "aesc", ash, plus "ford", a ford. Locational surnames, such as this, were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, usually in search of work, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname is first recorded in the early half of the 13th Century (see below), and an early recording was that of Ambrose Ashford, who was convicted of being a Monmouth rebel in 1685 and transported to the Barbados as a slave. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Reginald de Asford, which was dated 1221, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Shropshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ashford — is a relatively common English placename: it goes back to Old English æscet , indicating a ford near a clump of ash trees.Ashford is the name of the following places:In Australia: * Ashford, New South Wales * Ashford, South Australia * Electoral… … Wikipedia
Ashford — heißen die Orte in Australien: Ashford (New South Wales) Ashford (South Australia) in England: Ashford (Devon) Ashford (Hampshire) Ashford (Kent) (Ashford (Borough), Verwaltungsbezirk mit dem Status eines Borough in der Grafschaft Kent in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ashford — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda … Wikipedia Español
Ashford — Ashford, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 1853 Housing Units (2000): 877 Land area (2000): 6.096721 sq. miles (15.790435 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.010701 sq. miles (0.027715 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.107422 sq. miles (15.818150 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ashford, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 1853 Housing Units (2000): 877 Land area (2000): 6.096721 sq. miles (15.790435 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.010701 sq. miles (0.027715 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.107422 sq. miles (15.818150 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ashford, WA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 267 Housing Units (2000): 193 Land area (2000): 2.081763 sq. miles (5.391742 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.081763 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ashford — (spr. Äschford), 1) Marktflecken in der englischen Grafschaft Kent; 3000 Ew. Hier 455 n. Chr. Sieg Hengists u. Horsas (welcher blieb) über die Briten unter Vortiger; s. England (Gesch.); 2) städtischer Bezirk (Township) in der Grafschaft Windham… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ashford  — Ashford (spr. äschförd), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Kent, am obern Stour, mit gotischer Kirche (Turm aus der Zeit Eduards IV.), großen Werkstätten der Südostbahn und (1901) 12,808 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ashford  — Ashford, Lord, s. Albemarle … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ashford — (spr. äschf rd), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Kent, am Stour, (1901) 12.808 E.; in der Nähe Eisenbahnwerkstätten (Newtown A.) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ashford — [ æʃfəd], Stadt in der County Kent, Südostengland, 52 000 Einwohner; landwirtschaftliches College; Wirtschaft: Landmaschinenbau, Konserven u. a. Industrie. … Universal-Lexikon