Chern

Recorded in an extraordinary number of spellings including Cherm, Chirm, Churm, Chearne, Chern, Cherns, Churn, Chirn, and Churne, this is an English surname. It is locational from a smalll village called Churn near Didcot in Oxfordshire, or from residence by the River Churn in Wiltshire. According to the Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names, the origination is from the Olde English pre 7th century word 'ciern' , which seems to have itself derived from an even earlier British tribal name 'Cornovii'. Their territory it is claimed, was the modern town of Cirencester. If this is the case Cirencester means 'the (Roman) camp at the place of the Cornovii'. Churn is first recorded as Cyrenia in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles of the year 810 a.d. This is some two hundred and fifty years before the famous Domesday Book in 1086, generally regarded as the benchmark date of English history. The surname is rare given its long period of development, and surprisingly does not appear in any of the popular dictionaries of surnames. Early examples of recordings showing the indifferent attitude to spelling over the centuries include: Adam Chearne at St Botolphs Bishopgate in the city of London on April 1st 1592, when he married Rose Dallymore, and Margaret Cherm, the daughter of the interestingly spelt Alam Cherm, at the same church, on March 17th 1594.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • chern — chern, cherne see chirm, churn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chern — Shiing Shen Chern in Oberwolfach, 1976 Shiing Shen Chern (Gwoyeu Romatzyh, chin. 陈省身, Chén Xǐngshēn, IPA (hochchin.) tʂʰən.ɕiŋ.ʂən; * 16. Oktober 1911 in Jiaxing; † 3. Dezemb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chern' — Original name in latin Chern’ Name in other language CHERN , Chern , Chern’, Tsjern, ЧЕРНЬ, Чернь State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 53.45232 latitude 36.9145 altitude 240 Population 6689 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • chern — e (G). A day laborer …   Dictionary of word roots and combining forms

  • Chern Medal — Awarded for Lifelong achievement in Mathematics Presented by International Mathematical Union (IMU) Country Hosted every four years, at a varying location Reward US$ 250,000 …   Wikipedia

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  • Chern class — In mathematics, in particular in algebraic topology and differential geometry, the Chern classes are characteristic classes associated to complex vector bundles. Chern classes were introduced by Shiing Shen Chern (1946). Contents 1 Basic… …   Wikipedia

  • Chern–Simons theory — The Chern–Simons theory is a 3 dimensional topological quantum field theory of Schwarz type, introduced by Edward Witten. It is so named because its action is proportional to the integral of the Chern–Simons 3 form. In condensed matter physics,… …   Wikipedia

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