Recorded in over thirty spelling forms including Castellan and Castelain (English), Castelan, Castellani (Italian), Castellano (Spanish), Chatelain, de Chatelain, Chatelan, Chastelain, de Chastelain, and Chastelan (French), this is a surname of ultimately Roman origins. However spelt it is either a status name for the local lord of the manor, or it may have been occupational for the governor or constable of a castle, or in some cases it may have been a nickname for a person who behaved like a lord, or even perhaps an actor who played the part of a lord, to the point where he was known by the part. The derivation is from the pre Christian word 'castellanus' itself a derivative of 'castellum', meaning a castle. That this was often a surname of status is partially proven by the grant of arms, as shown below. Early examples of the surname recording include Gerardde Chastelain at Conde-sur-L'escaut, France, on February 17th 1587, and Ribera Castellano at Asuncion, Mexico, on August 24th 1669. The coat of arms has the blazon of a quarterly, one and three, sable, a castle argent, two and four, gules, a shield sable charged with a cross, Or, a chief chequred argent and azure. The first recorded spelling of the family name in any form is shown to be that of Osbert Castelyn. This was dated 1240 a.d., in the ancient rolls of England called 'Archaeologia Cantiana', during the reign of King Henry 111rd, 1216 - 1272. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castellani — ist: der Name eines antiken iberischen Volkes, siehe Castelani Castellani ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aldo Castellani (1874–1971), italienischer Mediziner und Mikrobiologe Carlo Castellani (1909–1944), italienischer Fußballspieler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Castellani — Castellani,   Enrico, italienischer Maler, * Castelmassa (Provinz Rovigo) 4. 8. 1930; gemeinsam mit P. Manzoni Herausgeber der Zeitschrift »Azimuth« (gegründet 1959). Castellani erzielt auf monochromen, meist weißen Flächen perspektiv. Effekte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Castellani — (ital.), Volkspartei in Venedig, von dem Quartier di Castello so genannt; den Nicoliti, nach der Kirche S. Nicolas genannt, entgegengesetzt. Es war Staatsmaxime Venedigs, den Haß dieser beiden Parteien zu nähren …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Castellāni — (a. Geogr.), Volk in Hispania tarraconensis, in den Pyrenäenthälern, zwischen dem jetzigen Catalonien u. Roussillon …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Castellani — Castellani, Aldo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CASTELLANI — Hispaniae Tarraconensis populi in Catalaunia, quorum tractus Ducatus est Cardonae, teste Varreriô cum Villanovano. Est autem Cardona oppid. inter Salsonam 2. et Minorissam urbem 3. leuc. ab Ilerda 10. Boream versus, ubi mons est copiâ salis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Castellani — Not to be confused with Castellano. Castellani is a surname of Italian origin. The name refers to: *Aldo Castellani (1874–1971), Italian pathologist and bacteriologist *Cesar Castellani (b. unknown, d. 1905), Maltese architect *Christopher… …   Wikipedia

  • Castellani — n. family name; Sir Aldo Castellani (1877 1971), Italian physician and bacteriologist …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Castellani — Sir Aldo, Italian physician, 1877–1971. See C. bronchitis, C. paint …   Medical dictionary

  • castellani's — cas·tel·la·ni s …   English syllables

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