This name is of Cornish topographic origin for one who dwelled by a rocky hill. The name derives from the Celtic "carr", a rock plus the Olde Gaelic "cnoc", a hill. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small country communities of the Middle Ages. The surname, with variant spellings Carnock, Carneck, Kernock(e), Curn(n)ok(k), Curnick and Curnucke, is well recorded in London and Cornish Church Registers from the early 17th Century, (see below). On October 26th 1669, Avise Kernocke and James Hawkyn were married in Michaelston, Cornwall. Agnes, daughter of John and Lydia Curnock, was christened in St. Dunstan's, Stepney on May 14th 1679 and on November 21st 1701, Grace Curnock and Thomas Rundle were married in St. Endellion, Cornwall. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robart Curnock, which was dated August 26th 1607, christened at St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London, during the reign of King James I of England and VI of Scotland, 1603 - 1625. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Carnock —    CARNOCK, a parish, in the district of Dunfermline, county of Fife, 3 miles (W. N. W.) from Dunfermline; containing, with the village of Cairney hill, and the hamlet of Gowkhall, 1270 inhabitants, of whom 184 are in the village of Carnock. This …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Baron Carnock — Baron Carnock, of Carnock in the County of Stirling, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1916 for the former Permanent Under Secretary in the Foreign Office, Sir Arthur Nicolson, 11th Baronet. The Nicolson family… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Drummond of Carnock — Sir Robert Drummond of Carnock (died 1592) was Master of Work to the Crown of Scotland from 1579 to 1583. This was the responsibility for building and repair of palaces and castles. His appointment was made to be as Sir James Hamilton of Finnart… …   Wikipedia

  • David Nicolson, 4th Baron Carnock — David Henry Arthur Nicolson, 4th Baron Carnock (10 July 1920 – 26 December 2008) was a British peer and solicitor. The son of the 3rd Baron Carnock and Hon. Katharine Frederica Albertha Lopes, he was educated at Winchester College and Balliol… …   Wikipedia

  • John Erskine of Carnock — (see [] (1695 1768) was a Scottish jurist and professor of Scottish law at the University of Edinburgh. He wrote the Principles of the Law of Scotland and the Institutes of the Law of Scotland , prominent… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock — (1849 1928), known as Sir Arthur Nicolson, 11th Baronet, from 1899 to 1916, was a British diplomat and politician through the last quarter of the 19th century to the middle of World War I. He was educated at Rugby and OxfordLord Carnock s sons… …   Wikipedia

  • Erskine Nicolson, 3rd Baron Carnock — Erskine Arthur Nicolson, 3rd Baron Carnock DSO, JP (26 March 1884 ndash; 2 October 1982) was a British peer and sailor.A younger son of the 1st Baron Carnock and Mary Catharine Rowan Hamilton, he served in the Royal Navy, reaching the rank of… …   Wikipedia

  • George Bruce de Carnock — Sir George Bruce of Carnock (1568 1625) était un marchand et ingénieur écossais, qui a innové dans les techniques minières en introduisant l exploitation sous marine, en perfectionnant le drainage grâce à de nouvelles technologies[1]. Il avait… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erskine of Carnock — biographical name John 1695 1768 Scottish jurist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nicolson Baronets — There have been four Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Nicolson, all in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. two of the creations are extant as of 2008. The Nicolson Baronetcy, of Cockburnspath in Berwickshire, was created in the… …   Wikipedia

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