This interesting surname with variant spellings Chaplain, Chapling, Caplen, Kaplin etc., is of French origin, found also in England, deriving from the old Norman French word "caplain" and old French and medieval English word "chapelain", meaning "charity priest", a priest who was endowed to sing mass daily on behalf of the souls of the dead. Hence the name is an occupational name for a clergyman or perhaps a servant of one. The name first appears in records in the early 13th Century (see below). Thomas le Chapelyn was mentioned in the Feet of Fines in 1241, while one Nicholas le Chapelain was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1260. Isacke Chaplin one of the first settlers in the New World was granted 200 acres by patent, in the territory of Great Weyonoke Barbados in 1626. Jeremiah Chaplin booked a ticket aboard the "Joseph and Ann" for Carolina, the New World in January 1678. The most famous namebearer was Sir Charles Spenser Chaplin (Charlie Chaplin), (1889 - 1977), English comedian and film actor, renowned for his portrayed of a downtrodden little man with baggy trousers and cane. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Capelein, which was dated 1203, in the "Curia Rolls of Hampshire", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Chaplain — Lt. Barbara Wood presides over communion during a Sunday morning service aboard Nimitz class USS Abraham Lincoln Traditionally, a chaplain is a mini …   Wikipedia

  • Chaplain — • Discusses the types including court, beneficed, parochial, domestic, pontifical, and military Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Chaplain     Chaplain      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chaplain — Chap lain, n. [F. chapelain, fr. LL. capellanus, fr. capella. See {Chapel}.] 1. An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel. [1913 Webster] 2. A clergyman who is officially attached to the army or navy, to some …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chaplain — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. chapelein clergyman (Mod.Fr. chapelain), from M.L. cappellanus clergyman, originally custodian of St. Martin s cloak (see CHAPEL (Cf. chapel)). Replaced O.E. capellane, from the same Medieval Latin source …   Etymology dictionary

  • chaplain — [n] minister in church cleric, member of clergy, pastor, preacher, priest, rabbi, turnaround collar*; concept 361 …   New thesaurus

  • chaplain — ► NOUN ▪ a member of the clergy attached to a private chapel, institution, etc. DERIVATIVES chaplaincy noun. ORIGIN Latin cappellanus, originally denoting a custodian of the cloak of St Martin, from cappella (see CHAPEL(Cf. ↑chapel)) …   English terms dictionary

  • chaplain — [chap′lən] n. [ME chapelain < OFr < ML capellanus, orig., custodian of St. Martin s cloak: see CHAPEL] 1. a clergyman attached to a chapel, as of a royal court 2. a minister, priest, or rabbi serving in a religious capacity with the armed… …   English World dictionary

  • chaplain — chaplaincy, chaplainship, chaplainry, n. /chap lin/, n. 1. an ecclesiastic attached to the chapel of a royal court, college, etc., or to a military unit. 2. a person who says the prayer, invocation, etc., for an organization or at an assembly.… …   Universalium

  • chaplain — UK [ˈtʃæplɪn] / US [ˈtʃæplən] noun [countable] Word forms chaplain : singular chaplain plural chaplains a Christian priest or minister who works in an institution such as a school or a hospital, or in the army the prison chaplain …   English dictionary

  • chaplain —    Technically a chaplain is a clergyman in charge of a chapel. In the USA especially the term is used of a clergyman attached to a branch of the military services. It is used in a military context in Catch 22, by Joseph Heller, where Corporal… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • Chaplain — The priest of a particular *chapel; also a chantry priest; the priest who conducted services in the private chapel of a king or lord. Nunneries also had their own chaplain. [< Lat. capellanus = chaplain] …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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