Abbot
This ancient surname is generally of early English origins, predating the Anglo-Saxons and Normans. It was usually an occupational name for a person employed by an abbot, or perhaps a nickname for one who was thought to conduct himself like an abbot! It is also possible that in some cases the name may refer to the offspring of an Abbot, however as the clergy were supposed to be celibate there is an area of doubt. The surname also occurs widely in Scotland where it is either of English origin or a translation of MacNab, which also means 'son of the abbot'. The original spelling was 'abbod', Ralph Abbod being recorded in Somerset in 1272. The patronymic is usually indicated by the suffix 's', and very occasionally as 'Abbotson', Dorothy Abbotson being recorded at St Botolphs Bishopgate, London, on November 11th 1823. The various spellings include such rare forms as Habbett and Labbet. Early recording examples include Walter Abat, in the Assize Court Rolls of Yorkshire in 1219, and Elizabeth Abbet, who married Henry Waterman at the church of St Lawrence Poutney, London, on January 11th 1600. George Abbot (1562 - 1633) was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in 1611, whilst Elizabeth Abbitt was recorded as 'living in Virginea, over the river' on February 16th 1623, making her one of America's earliest colonists. The Coat of Arms most associated with the name has the blazon of a red field, a gold chevron between three golden pears. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Abbot, which was dated circa 1190, in the Danelaw records of Lincolnshire, during the reign of King Richard 1, known as 'Richard the Lionheart', 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Abbot — • A title given to the superior of a community of twelve or more monks Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abbot     Abbot     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abbot — ist: ein Mondkrater; siehe Abbot (Mondkrater) ein britisches Militärfahrzeug; siehe FV433 Abbot SPG ein Familienname; siehe Abbot (Familienname) ein ehemaliges britisches Formel 3 Team, siehe Abbot (Rennwagen) Abbot ist der Name folgender Orte:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbot — Ab bot, n. [AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. abba^s, fr. Syriac abb[=a] father. Cf. {Abba}, {Abb[ E]}.] 1. The superior or head of an abbey. [1913 Webster] 2. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. Encyc. Brit. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abbot —  ; abbot    These terms (from the Aramaic Abba, meaning father ) refer respectively to the religious superior of anabbey of women or the religious superior of an abbey of men. An abbess, who is considered the spiritual mother of the abbey, or an… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • abbot — (n.) O.E. abbod abbot, from L. abbatem (nom. abbas), from Gk. abbas, from Aramaic abba, title of honor, lit. the father, my father, emphatic state of abh father. The Latin fem. abbatissa is root of ABBESS (Cf. abbess) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abbot — (spr. Abbott), 1) Robert, geb. 1560 zu Guilford, Professor zu Oxford u. zuletzt Bischof zu Salisbury, st. 1617. Schr. Mehreres gegen den Papismus u. gegen Bellarmin. 2) George, Bruder des Vor., geb. 1562 zu Guilford, studirte u. lehrte zu Oxford… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abbot — (spr. äbbet), 1) Robert, geb. um 1560, gest. 2. März 1618; seit 1615 Bischof von Salisbury, stand in Gunst bei Jakob I. Er schrieb Streitschriften gegen den Katholizismus und für die königliche Gewalt. 2) George, engl. Prälat, Bruder des vorigen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abbot — (spr. Aebbot), Georg, Erzbischof von Canterbury, Gegner der Katholiken unter Jakob I. und Karl I.; st. den 4. Aug. 1633. 2. Sein Bruder Robert, Bischof von Salisbury, schrieb gegen den Papst und Bellarmin, st. 1617. 3. Lord Charles, Graf v.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abbot — Abbot, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abbot —   [ æbət], Charles Greeley, amerikanischer Astrophysiker und Meteorologe, * Wilton (N. H.) 31. 5. 1872, ✝ Riverdale (Maryland) 17. 12. 1973; leitete 1907 44 das Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Washington (D. C.), arbeitete besonders über …   Universal-Lexikon

  • abbot — ► NOUN ▪ a man who is the head of an abbey of monks. ORIGIN Greek abbas father , from Aramaic …   English terms dictionary

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