- Recorded in many spellings throughout Europe ranging from the English Cheese, Cheeseman, Chesman, and Chisman or Chismon, to Kasmann and Kaser (Germany), Caesman (Flanders), Casari and Casiero (Italy), and Casier and Chasier (France), this is an occupational surname for a cheesemaker. As such it is or was, one of the most imnportant of the early medieval surnames. The original derivation is from the pre 7th century Anglo- Saxon and Old English 'cese' meaning cheese, but ultimately from the Roman (Latin) 'caseus'. Where the suffix 'man or mann' is used, this implies a status, in that the name holder was probably related to the original 'Cheese' or may have worked for him. There are more than fifty variations of the name spelling, another indication of the widespread occupational use in ancient times. Early examples of the name recordings include Arnold Chesere of Basel, Switzerland in 1246, William Le Chesman of Cambridge, England, in the year 1260, Brudel der Kesman of Salem in Germany in 1302, and Thomas Le Chusman of Sussex, England in 1327. Other recordings are those of Alice Chisman of Somerset also in 1327, Thomas Cheeseman of London, (1760 - 1835) the famous engraver, and Ernest Rewben Chismon on January 28th 1849 at St. Mary's, Lewisham, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Baldwin Le Chesemangere, which was dated 1189. This was in the "Pipe Rolls" of the county of Kent, England, during the reign of King Richard 1st. He was known as "The Lionheart", following his exploits in the Holy Land during the Crusades. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Quotations — were a doo wop band, primarily from James Madison High School in East Brooklyn, New York.The group started in 1958 at Barney s Pool Room on Kings Highway in East Brooklyn, New York. The original members of the group were Richie Schwartz (first… … Wikipedia
Mark Satin — Satin talking about life and political ideologies in 2011 Born Mark Ivor Satin 16 November 1946 (1946 11 16) (age 65) … Wikipedia
Carl Gustav Axel Harnack — (1851 1888) was a German mathematician who contributed to potential theory. Harnack s inequality applied to harmonic functions. He also worked on the real algebraic geometry of plane curves, proving Harnack s curve theorem for real plane… … Wikipedia
Lebanese wine — Lebanon is the oldest site of wine production in the world. The Phoenicians of its coastal strip were instrumental in spreading wine and viticulture throughout the Mediterranean in ancient times. Despite the many conflicts of the region, the… … Wikipedia
Bracknell Jazz Festival — infobox music festival music festival name = Bracknell Jazz Festival location = Bracknell, England founders = years active= 1975 early 1990s dates = first weekend of July (3 days) genre = jazz. website = The Bracknell Jazz Festival was a major… … Wikipedia
environmentalism — en·vi·ron·men·tal·ism (ĕn vī rən mĕnʹtl ĭz əm, vī ərn ) n. 1. Advocacy for or work toward protecting the natural environment from destruction or pollution. 2. The theory that environment rather than heredity is the primary influence on… … Universalium
2007 Oceania Taekwondo Qualification Tournament — The Oceania Qualification Tournament for the Taekwondo at the 2008 Summer Olympics was held in Noumea, New Caledonia on December 1, 2007. The winner of each event qualified for the Olympics. Contents 1 Mens 1.1 Flyweight ( 58kg) 1.2 Featherweight … Wikipedia