Recorded as O' Byrne but more usually as Byrne, this is an Irish surname of great antiquity. Claiming descent from Bran, the king of Leinster, who died in 1052, this great clan originated in County Kildare where they held extensive territory until the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169 - 1170, when they migrated to Wicklow where they occupied the country between Rathdrum and Shillelagh. Their name in Irish is properly O' Broin, meaning the male descendant of Bron, the raven. The O' Broins, like their neighbours the O' Tooles, were particularly noteworthy for their resistance to foreign aggression, and they continued to inaugurate native chiefs up to the end of the 16th Century. The seat of their chiefs was at Ballinacor, County Wicklow, and the territory over which they held sway was known as Crioch Branach. The celebrated "Leabhar Branach" or "Book of the O' Byrnes" deals with the exploits of the clan in these times. Alderman Alfred Byrne (1882 - 1956), a distinguished recent member of the clan, was ten times Lord Mayor of Dublin. The Byrne coat of arms has the blazon of a red shield charged with a chevron between three silver dexter hands couped at the wrist, the Crest being a mermaid with comb and mirror proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name may be that of Fiacha Mac Hugh O'Byrne, the military leader. This was dated 1544 - 1595, in the Historical Records of Dublin, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st of England, 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Byrne — Clan Coat of Arms Byrne (variations: Byrnes, O Byrne, O Byrnes, Burns, Beirne, Bourne) meaning raven , is derived from the Irish name Ó Broin, and is the seventh most common surname in Ireland today. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Byrne — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Addie Byr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Byrne — Nom de famille irlandais. C est une forme anglicisée du gaélique O Broin, qui signifie descendant de Bran, nom de personne sans doute formé sur bran (= corbeau). Variante : O Byrne …   Noms de famille

  • Byrne — (spr. börn), Frau William Pitt, geborne Busk, engl. Schriftstellerin, Witwe eines Professors am Trinity College zu Cambridge, gest. im April 1894, schrieb seit 1854 vielgelesene Romane von gründlicher literarischer und künstlerischer Bildung wie… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byrne — (spr. börn), Julia Klara, seit 1842 vermählt mit William Pitt B., engl. Schriftstellerin, geb. 1819, gest. 29. März 1894; verfaßte Romane und anschauliche Schilderungen, bes. bekannt durch »Flemish interiors« (1856) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byrne — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Byrnes.  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Byrne (« corbeau ») est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Byrne — /berrn/, n. Donn /don/. See Donn Byrne, Brian Oswald. * * * …   Universalium

  • Byrne — /bɜn/ (say bern) noun 1. Debbie (Debra Anne Byrne), born 1957, Australian pop singer and actor. 2. Joseph, 1857–1880, Australian bushranger; a member of Ned Kelly s gang. 3. Rose, born 1979, Australian film actor; films include My Mother Frank… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Byrne — /berrn/, n. Donn /don/. See Donn Byrne, Brian Oswald. * * * byrn(e obs. f. burn; var. berne, Obs., warrior …   Useful english dictionary

  • byrne — 1. f ( an/ an) corselet; 2. see burne, burn; 3. see bryne …   Old to modern English dictionary

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