This name, with variant spellings Byrd, Byrde and Bride, is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century "bridde" (Middle English "brid" or "bird"), meaning a bird, originally given as a nickname to one thought to bear a fancied resemblance to a bird, i.e., bright eyed or active, or perhaps to one with a beautiful singing voice. The surname was first recorded towards the end of the 12th Century (see below), and other early recordings include: Ralph le Brid(d), a witness in the 1235 Fine Court Rolls of Essex, and Richard Bird, a witness in the 1260 Assize Court Rolls of Cambridgeshire. The variant spelling Bride, most closely resembling the original Olde English "bridde", was first recorded as a surname in 1332, when John Bride was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Cumberland, and later in the Century, Johannes Bridde was recorded in the 1379 Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire. Occasionally, Bird (and its variants) may have been given as a metonymic occupational name to a bird catcher, and as such was a shortened form of the name "Birdclever", recorded in the 1427 "Calverley Charters of Yorkshire". Henry Bird was an early settler in the New World, he was recorded as purchasing a ticket for the ship "Amity" sailing to London, in July 1679 from Barbados. The Coat of Arms most associated with the name is on a silver shield a red cross flory between four red martlets, a blue canton, the Crest being a red martlet. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Earnald Brid, which was dated 1193, in the "Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Byrd — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam M. Byrd (1859–1912), US amerikanischer Politiker Bobby Byrd (1934–2007), US amerikanischer Soulmusiker Butch Byrd (* 1941), US amerikanischer Footballspieler Charles Willing Byrd (1770–1828), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BYRD (W.) — C’est en 1563 que, par décret royal, William Byrd fut nommé organiste de la cathédrale de Lincoln, l’année même où la reine Élisabeth devait édicter les Trente Neuf Articles propres à consolider l’anglicanisme en face du pouvoir de la papauté. De …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Byrd —   [bəːd],    1) Richard Evelyn, amerikanischer Admiral und Polarforscher, * Winchester (Virginia) 25. 10. 1888, ✝ Boston (Massachusetts) 11. 3. 1957. Nach eigenen Angaben überflog er von Spitzbergen aus am 9. 5. 1926 erstmals den Nordpol (wird… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Byrd's — (officially Byrd s Food Stores) was a grocery store chain based in Burlington, NC. It was a family owned and operated company by the Byrd family of Burlington, NC. Operating mainly in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of North Carolina and Southside …   Wikipedia

  • Byrd — Byrd, Richard Evelyn Byrd, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Byrd — (Richard Evelyn) (1888 1957) aviateur et explorateur américain. Il atteignit les pôles Nord (1926) et Sud (1929). Il explora l Antarctique (1933 1935 et 1946 1947). Byrd (William) (1543 1623) musicien anglais; promoteur de la musique de clavier,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • byrd — sb., en (ÆLDRE herkomst); af ædel byrd …   Dansk ordbog

  • Byrd — (Bird), William, engl. Komponist, geb. 1543 in London, gest. 4. Juli 1623 daselbst, war 1563–72 Organist der Kathedrale zu Lincoln, daneben aber seit 1569 Mitglied der königlichen Kapelle, von 1575 an auch mit dem Titel eines Organisten derselben …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byrd — oder Bird (spr. börd), William, engl. Komponist, geb. 1538 zu London, gest. das. 4. Juli 1623; schrieb Psalmen, Motetten und Madrigale …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Byrd — Byrd, Richard (1888 1957) a US ↑explorer who was important in the ↑exploration of and ↑research about Antarctica. He was the first to fly over both the ↑North Pole and the ↑south Pole …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Byrd — [bʉrd] 1. Richard Evelyn 1888 1957; U.S. naval officer & polar explorer 2. William 1543? 1623; Eng. composer …   English World dictionary

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