This interesting name is of locational origin from a place so called in the former county of Lanarkshire, Scotland (now part of the Strathclyde region). The name derives from the Middle English 'both(e)', bothy or small hut plus well(a), spring or stream, hence 'a hut by a stream'. The surname is popular in Scotland and in Ulster, Ireland. The surname was first recorded at the end of the 12th Century (see below). In medieval times in Scotland, the name was spelt Boduel, whence the present variant Bodell in Ulster. In 1342, Richard de Botheuile was provost of Aberdeen, 'Exchequer Rolls of Scotland', 1264-1600. An early recording of the name is found in Orkney, one John of Boduel was a grant witness in 1369. William Bothwell was christened on January 10th 1675 in Edinburgh. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Bothvile (grant witness), which was dated 1190, 'Charters of the Hospital of Soltre', Trinity College Edinburgh, during the reign of King William, 'The Lion', 1165-1214. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Bothwell — is a small town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, that lies on the right bank of the River Clyde, adjacent to Hamilton and nine miles east south east of Glasgow. It is predominantly a residential town.The choir of the old Gothic church of 1398… …   Wikipedia

  • Bothwell —    BOTHWELL, a parish, in the Middle ward of the county of Lanark; including the villages of Bellshill, Chapelhall, Holytown, Newarthill, and Uddingston; and containing 11,175 inhabitants, of whom 570 are in the village of Bothwell, 8 miles (S. E …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Bothwell —   [ bɔθwəl], James Hepburn [ hebəːn], 4. Earl of Bothwell (seit 1556), Duke of Orkney and Shetland (seit 1567), schottischer Adeliger, * um 1536, ✝ Dragsholm (Seeland, Dänemark) 14. 4. 1578; zunächst Günstling, dann 1567 70 der dritte Gemahl… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bothwell — Bothwell, Stadt in Lanarkshire (Schottland), am Clyde, 3 km nordwestlich von Hamilton, mit (1891) 2400 Einw. und den großartigen Ruinen des Schlosses B., wohin der Graf von B. Maria Stuart entführte; zwei starke Rundtürme und Mauerwerk stehen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bothwell [1] — Bothwell (spr. Boßnell), Dorf u. Kirchspiel mit 5800 Ew., in der Grafschaft Lanark (Provinz SSchottland), am Clyde, unweit Glasgow. Hier 1659 Sieg des Herzogs von Monmouth über die schottischen Covenanters …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bothwell [2] — Bothwell (spr. Boßnell), James Hephurn, Graf von B., Günstling von Maria Stuart, Mitschuldiger am Morde ihres Gemahls Heinrich Darnley, wurde aber losgesprochen u. vermählte sich mit der Königin. Der Adel nöthigte ihn zu fliehen u. setzte die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bothwell — Bothwell, Stadt in der schott. Grafsch. Lanark, am Clyde, (1891) 2500 E.; dabei die Ruinen von B. Castle, wohin Graf B. Maria Stuart entführte. An der B. Bridge (spr. briddsch) siegte 22. Juni 1679 der Herzog von Monmouth über die schott.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bothwell [2] — Bothwell, Jakob Hepburn, Graf von, Gemahl Maria Stuarts, geb. 1536, ließ Darnley 1567 ermorden, vermählte sich mit der Königin, entfloh nach deren Verhaftung nach Dänemark, gest. das. im Gefängnis auf Schloß Dragsholm 1578. – Vgl. Petrick (1814) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bothwell — James Hepburn Le duc d Orkney Jacques Hepburn (appelé simplement Bothwell à l époque) (né vers 1534 – décédé le 14 avril 1578), 1er duc des Orcades, 4e comte de Bothwell, était à titre héréditaire Lord Grand Amiral d Écosse. On le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bothwell — Original name in latin Bothwell Name in other language Bothwell State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.80272 latitude 4.06835 altitude 59 Population 6266 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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