- Recorded in various spellings including Barrowman, Borrowman, Bowerman, Burkman, Burman, and others, this is an English surname, but one also well recorded in Scotland. It derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century "burhmann", meaning "inhabitant of a fortified town". The first element "burh" is itself derived from the Old High German "burg", which was the usual Germanic word for a fortification. In the Middle Ages any sizeable habitation had to be fortified, but in England the term "burg" came to be specialized to denote the site of a prehistoric hill fort. However the terms burkman was used to identify a person holding land or buildings by "burgage" (from the Latin "burgagium". This involved the payment of a fixed money rent (as opposed to money in kind); in Scotland it involved payment in service, usually guarding the town. Early examples of the surname recording in the church registers include Alexander Borowman of Edinburgh in 1468 and in Greater London the marriage of Robert Burman and Elizabeth Griffen, on June 22nd 1570, at St. Dunstan's, Stepney. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Burman (Burghman), which was dated 1221, witnesss in the "Assize Rolls of Gloucestershire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216-1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Never Forget (musical) — Never Forget The Take That Musical Never Forget Poster, 2008 Music Gary Barlow Lyrics Gary Barlow … Wikipedia
The Atrix — History = The Atrix were a Irish new wave/powerpop band formed in mid 1978 by John Borrowman (guitar/vocals) and Chris Green (keyboards), both ex Berlin. Alan Finney on bass (ex Schoolkids) and drummer Hugh Friel, ex Slow Motion Orchestra. This… … Wikipedia
Bexley and Bromley (London Assembly constituency) — Infobox London Assembly alt name = Bexley and Bromley member = James Cleverly party = ConservativeBexley and Bromley is a constituency represented in the London Assembly.It consists of the combined area of the London Borough of Bexley and the… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Great Britain election results — This article lists the Communist Party of Great Britain s election results in UK parliamentary elections. Contents 1 Summary of general election performance 2 By elections, 1921 1922 3 1922 general election … Wikipedia
DNA virus — A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA dependent DNA polymerase. The nucleic acid is usually double stranded DNA (dsDNA) but may also be single stranded DNA (ssDNA). DNA viruses belong to either… … Wikipedia
Reno, Nevada — Reno redirects here. For other uses, see Reno (disambiguation). Reno City Reno Arch … Wikipedia
Porter Rockwell — Born c. June 28, 1813(1813 06 28) Belchertown, Hampshire County, Massachusetts Died … Wikipedia
Derek Conway — Member of Parliament for Old Bexley and Sidcup In office 7 June 2001 – 6 May 2010 Preceded by Sir Edward Heath Succeeded by James Brokenshire … Wikipedia
Bob Neill — Infobox MP honorific prefix = name = Bob Neill honorific suffix = MP caption = constituency MP = Bromley and Chislehurst parliament = term start = 29 June 2006 term end = majority = 633 (2.2%) predecessor = Eric Forth successor = constituency AM2 … Wikipedia
LDS fiction — (or Mormon fiction) is an American niche market of fiction novels featuring themes related to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (the LDS Church, see also Mormon ). LDS fiction now accounts for more than half the sales of some Latter … Wikipedia