This unusual surname derives from the Middle English personal name "Alger", which has an interesting, if complicated, derivation, since several names of different origins, both Continental Germanic (brought to England by the Normans), and Olde English, have fallen together in the course of its formation. These names include: "Aethelgar", Aelfgar and "Ealdgar", all sharing a common final element "gar", spear. The initial elements are respectively "aethel", noble, "aelf", elf, and "eald", old. The first two names occur in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Aelgar, Elgar", and "Algar". The forms "Alger" and "Algar" (without surname) both appear in Records of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, dated 1195. The derivation is further complicated by the fact that in regions of Scandinavian influence, the name may also stem from the Old Norse "Alfgeirr", Old Danish "Alger", cognate with the Anglo-Saxon "Aelfgar" (as above). Early examples of the surname include: Thomas Alger (Suffolk, 1221); Walter Elgar (Suffolk, 1234); and Thomas Algor (Cambridgeshire, 1260). In the modern idiom the name is spelt: Algar, Alger, Algore, Augar, Augur, Agar, Elgar and Elger. A Coat of Arms granted to the Algar family is a gold shield with a black eagle displayed, membered red, the Crest being a black greyhound's head, charged with four bezants. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Algar, which was dated 1221, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALGER — Capitale du pays auquel elle a donné son nom, Alger – qui avec son agglomération comptait 2 130 000 habitants en 1987, année du recensement – est une grande métropole africaine, méditerranéenne et arabe. Sur le site d’un comptoir punique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alger — ist der Name von: Alger von Lüttich (auch: Algerus von Lüttich, Alger von Cluny, Algerus Magister; * um 1060; † um 1131), kanonistischer Schriftsteller und Verfasser theologischer Schriften Algier (auf Französisch) Orte: Alger (Kentucky) Alger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alger — is an alternate name for Algiers, the capital of Algeria. In fact, it is the French name for the Algerian capital city. Alger may also refer to:;Places in the United States: * Alger, Michigan, in Arenac County * Alger County, Michigan, in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Alger — Alger, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 888 Housing Units (2000): 402 Land area (2000): 0.282982 sq. miles (0.732920 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.282982 sq. miles (0.732920 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alger, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 888 Housing Units (2000): 402 Land area (2000): 0.282982 sq. miles (0.732920 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.282982 sq. miles (0.732920 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alger, WA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 89 Housing Units (2000): 42 Land area (2000): 1.789591 sq. miles (4.635019 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012421 sq. miles (0.032170 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.802012 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alger — (Phil. Gesch.), so v.w. Adelger …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alger — (spr. schē), franz. Name der Stadt Algier (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alger — m English: from Old English, composed of the elements ælf elf, supernatural being + gār spear; it is possible that this form may also have absorbed other names with the first elements æpel noble, ēald old, and ēalh temple. The name was not common …   First names dictionary

  • Alger — Alger, Alker friesischer Name althochdeutschen Ursprungs, Bedeutungszusammensetzung aus: »edel« und »Speer« …   Deutsch namen

  • alger — ALGER, vulgo Argeres, regnum Barbarossae in Africa, Saldae colonia. Ptol …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

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