This most interesting surname derives from the ancient Hebrew given name "Yaakov" meaning "following-after". In the bible Jacob was the name of the twin brother of Esau, who took advantage of the latter's hunger and impetuousness to persuade him to part with his birthright "for a mess of potage". The surnames James and Jack share the same origins and development. Perhaps surprisingly Jacob in all its over two hundred spellings from Jacob, Iacobo, Kubera, and Kabos, to Giacopino, Jankel, Yakobovitz, and Jessen, was not originally a Jewish surname. Like most Hebrew and biblical names, it enjoyed a great burst of popularity in the 12th century. This was during the time of the great Crusades to free the Holy Land from the Sarcens. All were unsuccessful, but the returning soldiers and pilgrims made it a fashion to call their children by names associated with the early days of the Christian church. The earliest examples of surname recordings are usually to be found in England, the first country to adopt both hereditary surnames, and to register them. Here William Jacob was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1273, whilst in 1361 Hans Jacob is recorded in the charters of Wernsbach, Germany. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Agnes Jacobes, in the register of the abbey of Ramsey, Huntingdon, in the year 1244. Over the centuries surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Jessen — ist der Name folgender Orte: Jessen (Elster), Stadt in Sachsen Anhalt Jessen (Niederau), Ortsteil der sächsischen Gemeinde Niederau Jessen (Lommatzsch), Ortsteil der sächsischen Kleinstadt Lommatzsch Jessen (Niederlausitz), durch den Tagebau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jessen — may refer to: Jessen (Elster), a town in Saxony Anhalt, Germany Jessen (surname), a Danish surname A typeface created by Rudolf Koch This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Jessen — Jessen, Stadt an der Schwarzen Elster im Kreise Schweinitz des Regierungsbezirks Merseburg der preußischen Provinz Sachsen; Weinbau; 2400 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jessen — (auch Lutters J.), Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Merseburg, Kreis Schweinitz, an der Schwarzen Elster und der Staatsbahnlinie Falkenberg Roßlau, hat eine evang. Kirche, Amtsgericht, Blech und Eisenwarenfabrik, Weinbau, Ziegeleien, Dampfmühle und (1900) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jessen — Jessen, Stadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Merseburg, an der Schwarzen Elster, (1900) 2672 (1905: 2880) E., Amtsgericht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jessen — Jessen, (29. Nov.), ein Franciscaner Provincial, der im J. 1589 zu Vendome in Frankreich getödtet wurde. (Hub. Men.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Jessen — Original name in latin Jessen Name in other language Jessen State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 51.79337 latitude 12.95762 altitude 78 Population 11065 Date 2012 06 05 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Jessen — 1. Patronymische Bildung auf sen oder schwacher Genitiv zu Jess. 2. Herkunftsname zu dem Ortsnamen Jessen (Sachsen Anhalt, Sachsen, ehem. Brandenburg/jetzt Polen, Ostpreußen) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Jessen (Elster) — Jessen (Elster) …   Wikipedia

  • Jessen (Niederau) — Jessen Gemeinde Niederau Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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