This interesting surname is of early medieval English origin, and derives from the Latin male given name "(H)adrianus", originally an ethnic name for someone from the seaport of Adria - which gave its name to the Adriatic Sea - who settled in Rome and became known as "the man from Adria" (in Latin, "Adrianus"). The ultimate origin of "Adria" is the Latin "ater", coal-black, referring to the black sands of the seaport. The personal name was first introduced into England in the 7th Century when a North African monk, St. Adrian, was sent to Canterbury by Pope St. Vitalian in 668. The flourishing state of the English church at the time owes much to this saint. The only English pope, Nicholas Brakespear (died 1159), chose the name Adrian 1V, despite this however, Adrian was never in widespread use in England. In 1186, one Adrianus janitor was noted in Documents of St. Benet of Holme, Norfolk. Early examples of the surname include: John Adrien (Suffolk, 1273); John Adrian, Sheriff of London (1258); and Ralph Adrien (London, 1277). On February 10th 1547, Thomas, son of John Adrian, was christened at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, and on January 16th 1611, Marie Adrian and Robart Freman were married at Howden, Yorkshire. A Coat of Arms granted to the Adrian family is a red shield with four gold escallops in cross, the top of each shell meeting in centre point. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Adrian, which was dated circa 1232, in the "Cartulary of St. Mary", Clerkenwell, London, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Adrien — ist als die französische Form von Adrian ein französischer männlicher Vorname.[1][2] Zur Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe hier. Eine weibliche Form des Vornamens ist Adrienne.[3] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adrien IV — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Nicolas Breakspear Naissance vers 1100 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien VI — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Adriaan Floriszoon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien — is the given name and French spelling for the English name Adrian. It is also the masculine form of the feminine form for Adrienne.Adrien may refer to: * Adrien Auzout, French astronomer; * Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic; * Adrien… …   Wikipedia

  • Adrien V — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Ottobono de Fieschi Naissance vers …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien II — Pape de l’Église catholique Naissance en 792, à Rome Élection au pontificat novembre 867 Intronisation 14 décembre 867 Fin du po …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Adrien et Saint Adrien. Adrien est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien — (PR Adrian, Adriane, Hadrien) (Adriano) • Adrien, officier (gardien de prison) à Nicomédie, en Bithynie (région de la mer de Marmara et de la mer Noire), admira la passion de chrétiens martyrisés par Maximien Hercule, empereur de 286 à 305, se… …   Dictionnaire des saints

  • Adrien — (as used in expressions) Boieldieu François Adrien Dirac Paul Adrien Maurice Helvétius Claude Adrien * * * …   Universalium

  • Adrien — Hadrien ou Adrien (en lat. Publius Aelius Hadrianus) (76 138) empereur romain (117 138), successeur de Trajan, qui l avait adopté. Il fit fortifier les frontières (mur d Hadrien) de l Empire, qu il embellit de nombreux monuments. Sa réforme de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adrien — (as used in expressions) Boieldieu, (François) Adrien Dirac, P(aul) A(drien) M(aurice) Helvetius, Claude Adrien …   Enciclopedia Universal

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