Berwick


Berwick
Recorded in various spellings including Berwick, Berwic, Beric, Berick, Barrick, Barwick and others, this is an Anglo and sometimes Scottish, surname. It is locational and can be from any of a variety of places such as Berwick on Tweed, on the Scottish border, partly in England and partly in Scotland, and fought over for many centuries, Berwick villages in the counties of Kent and Shropshire, Berrick in Oxfordshire, Barwick in Norfolk and the West Riding of Yorkshire, and others. These places are first recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 in such spellings as Berewic, Berewiche, Bereuuica and Bereuuith. All derive from the pre 7th Century word "bere" meaning barley, with the suffix of "wic," meaning an outlying settlement, and hence a probable meaning of "a granary away from the main village". Early examples of the surname recording include Edward Barwyk, in the Register of the Freemen of the City of York in 1463, whilst on December 9th 1651, Mary Berwick, was christened at St. Margaret's church, Westminster. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Laurence de Berewyke. This was dated 1272, in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Oxfordshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England. He was known as the Hammer of the Scots, 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Berwick — ist der Name mehrerer Orte: in Australien: Berwick (Victoria), ein Stadtteil von Melbourne in England: Berwick (Sussex) Berwick upon Tweed in Kanada: Berwick (Nova Scotia) in Neuseeland: Berwick (Neuseeland) in Schottland: North Berwick in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berwick — upon Tweed (historically known as South Berwick ) is a border town in the north of England.Berwick may also refer to:Places;Australia *Berwick, Victoria;Canada *Berwick, Nova Scotia;United Kingdom *Berwick, Sussex, England *Berwick St. John,… …   Wikipedia

  • Berwick — Berwick, PA U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 10774 Housing Units (2000): 4992 Land area (2000): 3.098677 sq. miles (8.025535 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.149713 sq. miles (0.387756 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.248390 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Berwick —   [ berɪk], James Fitzjames [fɪts dʒeɪmz], Herzog (seit 1687) von, französischer Marschall (seit 1706) englischer Herkunft, * Moulins 21. 8. 1670, ✝ (gefallen) vor Philippsburg 12. 6. 1734; illegitimer Sohn des späteren englischen Königs Jakob II …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Berwick, LA — U.S. town in Louisiana Population (2000): 4418 Housing Units (2000): 1825 Land area (2000): 5.959555 sq. miles (15.435177 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.110501 sq. miles (0.286196 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.070056 sq. miles (15.721373 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Berwick, ME — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maine Population (2000): 1993 Housing Units (2000): 806 Land area (2000): 1.531118 sq. miles (3.965578 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033371 sq. miles (0.086431 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.564489 sq. miles (4.052009 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Berwick, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 10774 Housing Units (2000): 4992 Land area (2000): 3.098677 sq. miles (8.025535 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.149713 sq. miles (0.387756 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.248390 sq. miles (8.413291 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Berwick [1] — Berwick (spr. Berrick), 1) Grafschaft in Südschottland, 221/3 QM., östlich sehr gebirgig (Lammermoor), im S. fruchtbar, im N. gebirgig u. kalt; Flüsse: Tweed, Whiteadder, Dye, Ege u.a.; Getreide , Gemüse , Flachsbau, Fischfang u. Viehzucht;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Berwick [2] — Berwick (spr. Berrick), 1) James Fitzjames, Herzog v. B., gewöhnlich Marschall B., natürlicher Sohn des Königs Jacob II. von England u. der Arabella Churchill, geb. 1670; führte Anfangs den Namen [663] Fitzjames, ward in Frankreich erzogen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Berwick — (spr. bérrick), James Fitzjames, Herzog von, franz. Marschall, geb. 21. Aug. 1670, gest. 12. Juni 1734, natürlicher Sohn des Herzogs von York (spätern Königs Jakob II.) und der Arabella Churchill, einer Schwester des Herzogs von Marlborough,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Berwick — Berwick, Berwickshire (spr. bérrickschir), Grafschaft im südöstl. Schottland, 1193 qkm, (1901) 30.816 E.; Rindvieh und Schafzucht; Hauptstadt Greenlaw …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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