Dinis
This famous surname recorded in almost every European country since the late Middle Ages, and in such forms as Dennis, Dionis, and Denes, with patronymics Addionisio, Denisov, and Dzeniskevich, is of pre Christian, Ancient Greek origins. It derives from "Dionysios" meaning "the divine one of Nysa", a reference to an early god, who was believed to be the protector of the vine. It is also said that Nysa was a mountain in the modern Afghanistan, where celebrations were held by the Greek army of Alexander, The Great. Whilst St Denis, the bishop of Paris, France, was an early Christian martyr of the 3rd century a.d., it must be said that like most surnames of Christian origins, the "modern" surname owes its popularity to the famous "crusades" of the 12th century, when successive European kings launched expeditions to free the Holy Land from the Saracens. All were unsuccessful, but returning warriors and pilgrims commemorated their exploits by naming their children after ancient or biblical heroes, some of whom only had the very faintest of associations with Christianity. The first country in the world to adopt both hereditary surnames and proper register recordings was England, and it is there that we find the earliest examples of this surname. The first recording of the family name anywhere in the world and in any spelling is believed to be that of Walter Denys, a witness in the year 1272, at the Assize Court of the county of Staffordshire. This was during the reign of King Henry 111 of England, 1216 - 1272. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" in their spellings, often leading to astonishing variants of the original.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • DINIS — unus Thracum montanorum, contra Tiberium rebellium, Dux; qui a Poppaeo Sabino cum sociis, in monre, acri obsi dione ac siti pressus, Tac. Ann. l. 4. c. 50. Verum e Ducibus, Dinis provectus senectâ et longo uss vim atque clementiam Romanam edoctus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dinis — Dinis, Diniz Forme portugaise du nom de baptême Denis …   Noms de famille

  • Dinis — (King Diniz) (1279–1325)    king of Portugal    Dom Dinis was the sixth king of Portugal, a significant patron of the arts, and the most influential poet of his day.His poetry, written in the Galician Portuguese language, owes something to the… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Dinis — ▪ king of Portugal also spelled  Diniz , English  Denis  born Oct. 9, 1261 died Jan. 7, 1325       sixth king of Portugal (1279–1325), who strengthened the kingdom by improving the economy and reducing the power of the nobility and the church.… …   Universalium

  • Dinis — I Dinis   [də niʃ], Diniz, latinisiert Dionysius, König von Portugal (1279 1325), * Lissabon 9. 10. 1261, ✝ Santarém 7. 1. 1325; bekämpfte die Übermacht der Kirche und des kirchlichen Grundbesitzes, stiftete 1290 die Universität Lissabon,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dinis — Dionysius genannt der Bauernkönig (Dom Dinis oder O Lavrador,O Rei Agriculto), (* 9. Oktober 1261 in Lissabon; † 7. Januar 1325 in Santarém) war ab 1279 der sechste König von Portugal aus dem Hause Burgund. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Konflikt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • diniş — is. Dinme işi veya biçimi …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • diniş — is. Şalban kimi işlədilən qalın taxta …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Dinis Sengulane — Dinis Salomão Sengulane Nationality Mozambican Education Salisbury Theological College Occupation Anglican Bishop of Lebombo, Maputo, in Mozambique Known for fighting malaria and civil war …   Wikipedia

  • Dinis (surname) — Dinis is a surname, and may refer to: Alfredo Dinis (1917 1945), Portuguese anti fascist Edmund Dinis (1924 2010), American politician Fernando Dinis (born 1982), Portuguese footballer Henrique Dinis (born 1990), Portuguese footballer João Manuel …   Wikipedia

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