Bastide
This most interesting surname of Old French origin, is a variant of "Bastide", which is a habitation name from the Old Provencal (French) word "bastide", building, from the Late Latin "bastita", to build, of Germanic origin. This term was used in particular to describe a number of small fortified villages that were established in the 13th and 14th Centuries, and were inhabited by free citizens. Other variant spellings of the name include La Batie and Labastida. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. John, son of Peter Bastey was christened on January 17th 1591 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, London. Margarett Bastie married Zacharias Jone on October 12th 1620 at St. Mary Abchurch, London. The marriage of Marguerite Bastie and Francois Gauthier took place on June 18th 1766 at Nitting, Moselle in France. Coats of Arms were granted to French families called (de la) Bastie, in Lyonnais, Bastie de Bez in Languedoc and Bastie de Vercel. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Peter Bastey, which was dated November 3rd 1588, christening witness at St. Margaret's, Westminster, London, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558-1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BASTIDE — À l’origine, le mot «bastide» désignait une tour de siège mobile en bois, haute de plusieurs étages, qui permettait aux assaillants de dominer de l’extérieur les remparts de la ville assiégée. Dans son acception la plus courante, le terme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bastide — Nom très fréquent en Languedoc. Désigne celui qui est originaire du lieu dit (la) Bastide, terme médiéval qui s appliquait à des petites villes fortifiées disposant de certaines franchises, et qui a pu désigner aussi une ferme isolée …   Noms de famille

  • Bastide — Bastīde (frz., spr. ihd), Landhaus in der Nähe größerer Städte Südfrankreichs; Blockhaus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bastide — BASTIDE. sub. f. Nom qu on donne à Marseille et dans les environs aux maisons de plaisance …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Bastide — Bastides are fortified [ Bastide emphasises the built nature of the enterprise; in spite of the fortified connotations of Bastille , most of the present town walls were not built initially, though their strategic location was a consideration from …   Wikipedia

  • Bastide — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Bastide », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Une bastide est une maison provençale. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bastide — Die Bastide Domme im südfranzösischen Département Dordogne Bastide (von Langue d oc, bastir – „bauen“) ist die Bezeichnung für die im Mittelalter gegründeten und in einem Zug erbauten Städte Südfrankreichs. Ihre Gründung folgte wirtschaftlichen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bastide — /ba steed /, n. 1. a medieval fortified town, planned as a whole and built at one time, esp. in southern France, for strategic or commercial purposes. 2. a small country house in southern France. [1515 25; < MF < OPr bastida fortification, n. use …   Universalium

  • bastide — noun a) mansion in Provence One well known bastide in Provence is the Bastide Neuve, located in the village of La Treille near Marseille, which was a summer house for the family of French writer and filmmaker Marcel Pagnol. b) new town built in… …   Wiktionary

  • Bastide — The term sometimes used of the fortified or castle boroughs established by Edward I. Bastides were first established in Gascony by Kings John and Henry III. Being of military as well as economic value they were somewhat like the English *burhs,… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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