This most interesting surname is a patronymic (i.e. son of) from "Addy", a pet form of Adam, hence the name means the "son of Addy (Adam)". Adam, itself widespread in England and the Continent, derives from the Hebrew personal name "Adam", which was borne, according to Genesis, by the first man. It is said to be of uncertain etymology, but may come from the Hebrew word "adama", earth, and was very popular as a personal name throughout Europe during the Middle Ages. The surname itself dates from the early 14th Century (see below), and one Robert Addeson appeared in 1498, in the Register of the Guild of the Corpus Christi in the City of York. On February 16th 1623, one Thomas Addison was recorded as living in Elizabeth Cittie, Virginia, being one of the earliest settlers in the New World. Matthew Addison, aged 17 yrs., arrived in September 1635, at St. Christophers in the Barbados, having sailed from London on the "William and John". One Joseph Addison (1672 - 1719), distinguished as an essayist, poet and statesman, formed friendships with both Jonathan Swift and Sir Richard Steel as well as many other writers of this era. He worked as secretary to Wharton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1709. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Addisone, which was dated 1308, in the "Calendar of the Patent Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Edward 11, known as "Edward of Caernafon", 1307 - 1327. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Addison — ist der Name folgender Personen: Adele Addison (* 1925), US amerikanische Opernsängerin Bernard Addison (1905–1990), US amerikanischer Jazz Musiker Christopher Addison, 1. Viscount Addison (1869–1951), britischer Arzt und Politiker Christopher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Addison — may mean:PlacesCanada*Addison, OntarioUnited States*Addison, Alabama *Addison, Connecticut *Addison, Illinois *Addison, Kentucky *Addison, Maine *Addison, Michigan *Addison (town), New York **Addison (village), New York *Addison, Ohio *Addison,… …   Wikipedia

  • Addison — Addison, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1797 Housing Units (2000): 804 Land area (2000): 1.897400 sq. miles (4.914243 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.897400 sq. miles (4.914243… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Addison — puede estar haciendo referencia a: Joseph Addison, escritor y político inglés. Addison Forbes Montgomery, personaje ficticio de televisión. Addison Alves de Oliveira, futbolista hispano brasileño. Addison Brown, abogado y juez estadounidense.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Addison —   [ ædɪsn],    1) Joseph, englischer Schriftsteller und Politiker, * Wilston (bei Amesbury, Wiltshire) 1. 5. 1672, ✝ London 17. 6. 1719; schrieb Essays für die Zeitschriften »The Tatler« (1709 11) und »The Guardian« (1713/14) und gab 1711/12 (mit …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Addison — (spr. Aeddisʼn), Joseph, geb. 1672, gest. 1719, engl. Prosaist und Dichter. Als ersterer schrieb er den Spectator, eine Wochenschrift, in welcher die Sitten und Verkehrtheiten der Zeit mit Geist und oft mit Humor dargestellt und gegeißelt wurden; …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Addison — Addison, Joseph Addison, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Addison — (Thomas) (1793 1860) médecin anglais. || MED La maladie d Addison (faiblesse généralisée, hypotension artérielle, pigmentation partic.) est due à une destruction progressive des cortico surrénales …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Addison — (spr. äddis n), Joseph, engl. Dichter, Gelehrter und Staatsmann, geb. 1. Mai 1672 zu Milston in Wiltshire, gest. 17. Juni 1719 in Holland House, studierte seit 1687 in Oxford Theologie und zeichnete sich schon hier durch Abfassung lateinischer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Addison — (spr. äddĭs n), Jos., engl. Gelehrter und Dichter, geb. 1. Mai 1672 zu Milston (Wiltshire), gest. als Staatssekretär 17. Juni 1719, bes. bekannt durch seine Beiträge zu den Wochenschriften »Tatler« und »Spectator« (deutsch 1866). – Biogr. von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Addison — Désigne en anglais le fils d Addy, hypocoristique du prénom Adam …   Noms de famille

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