This interesting surname of some antiquity derives from the Old Germanic personal name Bertram, a compound of the elements "berht", bright or famous, plus "hrabn", raven. The raven was the bird of Odin, King of the gods, in Germanic mythology. The given name was popular in France throughout the Middle Ages where the forms Bertran(d) Bartram and Bertran developed. It was introduced into England by the Normans and "Bertrannus" (without surname) appears in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname was also recorded at this time, (see below). One Henry Bertran was noted in "Documents relating to the Danelaw", (London circa 1155), and a Robert Bartram appears in the "Hundred Rolls of Norfolk", dated 1273. In the "Modern" idiom the surname has twelve spelling variations including Bartrum, Bertrand, Barrim, Batterham, Bothram etc.. A Coat of Arms granted to Bartram family of Newcastle, Northumberland, in 1433, depicts a blue orle on a gold'shield. The orle is an inner border that does not touch the Extremities of the shield, and the voided centre allows the field to be seen. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Bertram, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book for Hampshire, during the reign of King William 1, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Bertram — bezeichnet: Bertram (Gattung), die Pflanzengattung Anacyclus Bertram ist der Name folgender Orte: Bertram (Australien), eine Stadt in Australien Bertram (Iowa), eine Stadt in den USA, Iowa Bertram (Texas), eine Stadt in den USA, Texas Bertram ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bertram — may refer to:People;Given name * Master Bertram, or Bertram of Minden (c. 1340 – 1414/1415), German Gothic painter * Bertram Stevens (politician) (1889 1973), Premier of the Australian state of New South Wales between 1932 and 1939;Surname *… …   Wikipedia

  • Bertram — Bertram, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 681 Housing Units (2000): 101 Land area (2000): 1.276378 sq. miles (3.305803 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.276378 sq. miles (3.305803 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bertram — Sm Anacyclus pyrethrum , eine Heilpflanze, mit der aus den Mittelmeerländern stammenden Abart Deutscher Bertram per. Wortschatz fach. (11. Jh.), mhd. ber(h)tram, ahd. berhtram Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus dem Griechischen und umgeformt. Die in der… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Bertram, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 681 Housing Units (2000): 101 Land area (2000): 1.276378 sq. miles (3.305803 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.276378 sq. miles (3.305803 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bertram, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1122 Housing Units (2000): 434 Land area (2000): 1.087902 sq. miles (2.817654 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.087902 sq. miles (2.817654 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bertram — Ber tram, n. [Corrupted fr. L. pyrethrum, Gr. ? a hot spicy plant, fr. ? fire.] (Bot.) Pellitory of Spain ({Anacyclus pyrethrum}). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bertram [1] — Bertram, 1) so v.w. Bertrand. 2) (Bertramus), so v.w. Ratramnus. 3) Philipp Ernst, geb. 1726 in Zerbst; wurde 1746 Pagenhofmeister in Weimar u. 1753 geheimer Secretär, ging 1761 nach Halle, wo er 1764 Professor der Rechte wurde u. 1777 st. Er… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bertram [2] — Bertram, 1) (Bertramchamille, Bertramwurzel), Wurzel von Anthemis s. Anacylus Pyrethrum, in den Ländern am Mittelländischen Meere, bei uns cultivirt. Cylindrische, bräunliche, innen weißliche, officinelle, höchstens einen kleinen Finger starke,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bertram — Bertram, Pflanzenart s. Achillea; Bertramwurzel, s. Anacyclus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bertram — Bertram, deutscher, Anthemis Pyrethrum (Compositae, Syngenesia Polygamia superflua) ist als rad. pyreth. officinell und wird z.B. im Thüring. auf den Verkauf gebaut; wirkt auf den Speichel und gegen den rheumat. Zahnschmerz (tinctura pyrethri) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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