This interesting name found in the spellings of Holm, Holme, Home, Homes, Holmes, and Holms, is of either Norse-Viking or Olde English pre 7th century origins. It is both locational and topgraphical, the derivation being from residence at a ''holm'' or from one of the places named Holm(e), found in the most counties of the East Anglian region, and more sparingly in other counties as well. The village names recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book appear as Hougan, Holun, Holm, Olm, and Holna, so much for early spellings. Most of the placenames have the same meaning of an area of dry land in a fen, or perhaps a piece of land partially surrounded by water. It is generally agreed that in East Anglia the derivation is from the Norse-Viking ''holmr'' which means an island, those from further afield may derive from the Olde English "holegn", meaning holly woods, or ''holm'' meaning the ''holm oak'', which in Saxon times was often the local meeting point of the area, or even ''haugum'', a rare Norse word for a hill. This would apply in the case of ''Holme on the Wolds'' in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Early examples of the name recording include Urkell de Holmes, in the Assize Court Rolls of Yorkshire in 1219, and John atte Holme in the 1296 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. Later examples are those of William del Holmes of Derbyshire in 1327, and Robert del Holme in the 1379 Poll Tax Rolls of Yorkshire. On February 10th 1548, Anne Holmes married Alexander Foster at St. Pancras Church, London, whilst in 1574 Robert Cooke obtained a license to marry Johanna Home of Isleworth. The coat of arms granted in 1568 has a black field, a silver lion rampant, charged with three red bendlets. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger de Holm, which was dated 1186, in the "Seals Records of Leicestershire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Holmes — may refer to:* Holmes (surname) * Sherlock Holmes, a fictional detective * Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. * Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. * HOLMES 2, an IT system used by the police in the United Kingdom * 17P/Holmes, a comet;Places in the UK * Holmes,… …   Wikipedia

  • Holmes — Holmes, Sherlock * * * (as used in expressions) Holmes, Larry Holmes, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. McGuffey, William Holmes …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HOLMES (O. W.) — HOLMES OLIVER WENDELL (1809 1894) Né à Cambridge, dans le Massachusetts, Oliver Wendell Holmes fit d’abord des études de droit à Harvard, avant d’entreprendre une carrière médicale à Paris et à Harvard, où il obtint son diplôme en 1936 et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Holmes — n. Sherlock Holmes, a fictitious detective in novels by A. Conan Doyle. Syn: Sherlock Holmes. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Holmes — Holmes, Mycroft the elder brother of Sherlock Holmes, who appears in some of the stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Mycroft, who is older than Sherlock, is cleverer than his younger brother but too lazy to be a detective. Holmes 2 Holmes …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Holmes|i|an — «HOHM zee uhn», adjective. 1. characteristic of Sherlock Holmes, the fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 1930): »He has a Holmesian power of analysis and deduction, too (Punch). 2. of or having to do with the works of Sir… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Holmes [2] — Holmes (spr. Hohms), 1) Grafschaft im Staate Florida (Nordamerika); 23 QM.; vom Choctawhatchee River durchflossen; Producte: Mais, Zucker, Baumwolle; wurde erst in neuerer Zeit aus Theilen der Grafschaften Walton u. Jackson gebildet; 1850: 1205… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • holmes — holmes·ian; holmes; …   English syllables

  • Holmes — [hōmz, hōlmz] 1. John Haynes [hānz] 1879 1964; U.S. clergyman & reformer 2. Oliver Wendell [wen′dəl] 1809 94; U.S. writer & physician 3. Oliver Wendell 1841 1935; associate justice, U.S. Supreme Court (1902 32): son of the writer 4. Sherlock see… …   English World dictionary

  • Holmes [1] — Holmes (spr. Hohms), 1) Robert, Prediger in Stanton, Dechant von Winchester; st. 1805 in Oxford; bekannt bes. als Herausgeber der Septuaginta (von der jedoch nur der Pentateuch u. der Prophet Daniel erschien), Oxf. 1798–1805, 5 Bde., Fol. 2)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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