This famous personal and later surname, is of pre 5th century German origins. Recorded in over one hundred different spellings ranging from Barnard, Benard, and Bernat, to Bernth, Bernucci, and Bieratowicz, it derives from the male personal name "Bernhard or Beornheard", comprising the elements "bern", meaning the bear, plus "hard", meaning brave, strong or hardy. Perhaps not surprisingly given the meaning of "Hardy bear" the name was always popular. The surname was first recorded in England in the 12th century. Here records were kept much earlier than was usual in other European countries, and England was the first country to adopt hereditary surnames as we know them today. The initial popularity of the name was also given a boost by the fame of two early saints. These were St. Bernard of Clairvaux (circa 1010 - 1153), the founder of the Cistercian monastery at Clairvaux, and St. Bernard of Menthon (923 - 1108), the founder of Alpine hospices and patron saint of mountaineers. Early examples of the surname recording include Thomas Bernhard of Cambridge, England, in the year 1260, Albertus Berenhardus of Schwenningen, Germany, in 1290, and Gregorius Bernhardt, christened at Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany, on January 18th 1549. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Hugo Bernard, which was dated 1130, in the "Pipe Rolls" of the city of Lincoln, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 1st, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Bernini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrea Bernini (* 1973), italienischer Fußballspieler Anna Maria Bernini (* 1965), italienische Politikerin Dante Bernini (* 1922), Altbischof von San Marco Argentano Scalea Franco Bernini (* 1954),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernini — Bernini,   Giovanni Lorenzo (Gianlorenzo), italienischer Baumeister, Bildhauer, Zeichner, Maler und Szenograph, * Neapel 7. 12. 1598, ✝ Rom 28. 11. 1680; ausgebildet von seinem Vater, dem Bildhauer Pietro Bernini (* 1562, ✝ 1629); übte auf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernini — (izg. berníni), Gian Lorenzo (1598 1680) DEFINICIJA talijanski graditelj, kipar i slikar, glavni predstavnik rimskog baroka (kolonada ispred crkve Sv. Petra u Rimu) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Bernīni — Bernīni, Giovanni Lorenzo, gew. il Cavaliero[645] B., geh. 1598 in Neapel; ging nach Rom, führte unter Urban VIII. u. Alexander VII. die Aufsicht u. Leitung des Ausbaues der Peterskirche, baute die große Colonnade des Petersplatzes, die Scala… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernīni — Bernīni, Lorenzo, ital. Architekt, Bildhauer und Maler, geb. 1598 in Neapel, gest. 28. Nov. 1680 in Rom, genoß den Unterricht seines Vaters, ging mit ihm nach Rom und erregte hier durch sein Talent die Aufmerksamkeit Pauls V. Papst Gregor XV.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernini — Bernīni, Lorenzo, ital. Architekt und Bildhauer, geb. 7. Dez. 1598 zu Neapel, gest. 28. Nov. 1680 zu Rom; von Papst Urban VIII. zum Leiter der öffentlichen Arbeiten in Rom ernannt. Hauptwerke: Vollendung der Peterskirche, Kolonnaden vor derselben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernini — Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo, geb. 1598 zu Neapel, Maler, Bildhauer und Baumeister, in allen 3 Künsten der ausgezeichnetste seiner Zeit, d.h. in der Periode des Zerfalls der altitalien. Kunst. In der Baukunst ist er geziert und überladen, als… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bernini — Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernini — [ber nē′nē] Giovanni Lorenzo [jō̂ vän′nē lō̂ ren′tsō̂] 1598 1680; It. baroque sculptor, architect, & painter …   English World dictionary

  • Bernini — Gian Lorenzo Bernini Peintres A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z par courant / par nationalité Le Bernin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernini — noun Italian sculptor and architect of the baroque period in Italy; designed many churches and chapels and tombs and fountains (1598 1680) • Syn: ↑Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer, ↑sculptor, ↑sculpturer,… …   Useful english dictionary

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