This famous personal and later surname, is of pre 5th century German origins. Recorded in over one hundred different spellings ranging from Barnard, Benard, and Bernat, to Bernth, Bernucci, and Bieratowicz, it derives from the male personal name "Bernhard or Beornheard", comprising the elements "bern", meaning the bear, plus "hard", meaning brave, strong or hardy. Perhaps not surprisingly given the meaning of "Hardy bear" the name was always popular. The surname was first recorded in England in the 12th century. Here records were kept much earlier than was usual in other European countries, and England was the first country to adopt hereditary surnames as we know them today. The initial popularity of the name was also given a boost by the fame of two early saints. These were St. Bernard of Clairvaux (circa 1010 - 1153), the founder of the Cistercian monastery at Clairvaux, and St. Bernard of Menthon (923 - 1108), the founder of Alpine hospices and patron saint of mountaineers. Early examples of the surname recording include Thomas Bernhard of Cambridge, England, in the year 1260, Albertus Berenhardus of Schwenningen, Germany, in 1290, and Gregorius Bernhardt, christened at Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany, on January 18th 1549. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Hugo Bernard, which was dated 1130, in the "Pipe Rolls" of the city of Lincoln, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 1st, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Bernhardt — ist ein deutscher Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Für Varianten und Bedeutung, siehe Bernhard (Familienname). Bekannte Namensträger Adelheid Bernhardt (1854–1915), eine deutsche Schriftstellerin, Schauspielerin und Regisseurin Arthur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhardt — may refer to:People with the given name Bernhardt:* Bernhardt Seifert (born 1942), Melbourne based property developer * Wilhelm Bernhardt Molique (1802 1869), German violinist and composer * William Bernhardt Tegetmeier (1816 1912), English… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernhardt — Bernhardt, 1) August, Forstmann, geb. 28. Sept. 1831 in Sobernheim a. d. Nahe, gest. 14. Juni 1879 in Münden, studierte in Eberswalde, wurde 1864 Oberförster zu Hilchenbach (Kreis Siegen), 1871 forsttechnischer Dirigent der neuerrichteten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernhardt — Bernhardt, Sarah, eigentlich Rosalie Bernard, franz. Tragödin, geb. 22. April 1843 in Havre, gebildet auf dem Pariser Konservatorium, 1872 80 am Théâtre français später am Theater der Porte Saint Martin, jetzt Leiterin des Sarah B Theaters. – Vgl …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernhardt — Bernhardt, Sarah …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernhardt — (Rosine Bernard, dite Sarah) (1844 1923) actrice et directrice de théâtre française. Princ. rôles dans Phèdre, la Dame aux camélias, l Aiglon. Elle tourna quelques films …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bernhardt — (izg. bernȃr), Sarah (1844 1923) DEFINICIJA francuska kazališna glumica; 1880. osnovala vlastito putujuće kazalište i stekla svjetsku slavu gostujući na gotovo svim kontinentima; slavljena kao najveća kazališna glumica svojega doba …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Bernhardt — [bʉrn′härt΄; ] Fr [ ber nȧr′] Sarah (born Rosine Bernard) 1844 1923; Fr. actress …   English World dictionary

  • Bernhardt — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bernard et Bernhard. Curtis Bernhardt (1899 1981), réalisateur américain d origine allemande. Sarah Bernhardt (1844… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernhardt — Bẹrnhardt,   1) Curtis (Kurt), Filmregisseur, * Worms 15. 4. 1899, ✝ Pacific Palisades (Los Angeles) 22. 2. 1981; nach Anfangserfolgen in Deutschland (»Namenlose Helden«, 1924; »Die Frau, nach der man sich sehnt«, 1929, mit Marlene Dietrich;… …   Universal-Lexikon

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