This famous personal and later surname, is of pre 5th century German origins. Recorded in over one hundred different spellings ranging from Barnard, Benard, and Bernat, to Bernth, Bernucci, and Bieratowicz, it derives from the male personal name "Bernhard or Beornheard", comprising the elements "bern", meaning the bear, plus "hard", meaning brave, strong or hardy. Perhaps not surprisingly given the meaning of "Hardy bear" the name was always popular. The surname was first recorded in England in the 12th century. Here records were kept much earlier than was usual in other European countries, and England was the first country to adopt hereditary surnames as we know them today. The initial popularity of the name was also given a boost by the fame of two early saints. These were St. Bernard of Clairvaux (circa 1010 - 1153), the founder of the Cistercian monastery at Clairvaux, and St. Bernard of Menthon (923 - 1108), the founder of Alpine hospices and patron saint of mountaineers. Early examples of the surname recording include Thomas Bernhard of Cambridge, England, in the year 1260, Albertus Berenhardus of Schwenningen, Germany, in 1290, and Gregorius Bernhardt, christened at Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany, on January 18th 1549. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Hugo Bernard, which was dated 1130, in the "Pipe Rolls" of the city of Lincoln, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 1st, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Bernhardi — oder Bernardi ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Bernhardi (1808–1883), Apotheker, Stadtrat und Reichstagsabgeordneter Anton Bernhardi (1813–1889), Genossenschafter, Arzt, Politiker, Erfinder des künstlichen Kalksandsteins als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhardi — may refer to: People * Friedrich von Bernhardi, Prussian general. * Johann Jakob Bernhardi, German doctor and botanist. * August Ferdinand Bernhardi, German linguist and writer. * Bartholomäus Bernhardi of Feldkirchen, XVI Century German… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernhardi — Bernhardi, 1) Barthol., so v.w. Bernhard 63). 2) August Ferd., geb. 1768 in Berlin, wurde Lehrer am Werderschen Gymnasium daselbst, später Director desselben u. der Realschule u. Consistorialrath; er st. 1820. Er schr.: Lateinische Grammatik für… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernhardi — Bernhardi, 1) August Ferdinand, Sprachforscher und Schriftsteller, geb. 24. Juni 1769 in Berlin, gest. daselbst 1. Juni 1820, studierte in Halle unter Wolf und wurde 1791 Lehrer am Friedrichswerderschen Gymnasium in Berlin, 1808 Direktor… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernhardi — Bernhardi, Theodor von, Historiker und Diplomat, geb. 6. Nov. 1802 zu Berlin, in Rußland erzogen, 1866 als preuß. Militärbevollmächtigter in Italien, 1869 71 in Spanien, gest. 12. Febr. 1887 in Kunnersdorf (Schlesien). Hauptwerke: »Geschichte… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernhardi — Bernhardi, August Ferdinand, geb. 1769 zu Berlin, Schwager und Freund Tieks, Director des Werderschen Gymnasiums in Berlin, gest. 1820; mit Tiek gab er von 1797–1800 die »Bambocciaden« heraus; 1803 »Sprachlehre«; 1805 »Anfangsgründe der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bernhardi — Bernhạrdi,   1) August Ferdinand, Pseudonym Fạlkenhain, Schriftsteller, * Berlin 24. 6. 1769, ✝ ebenda 2. 6. 1820; Ȋ 1799 1807 mit 2); seit 1808 Direktor des Friedrichswerderschen Gymnasiums. Bernhardi stand den älteren Romantikern nahe,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernhardi — /berddn hahrdd dee/, n. Friedrich A. J. von /frddee drddikh feuhn/, 1849 1930, German general. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bernhardi — patronymische Bildung (Genitiv der latinisierten Form Bernhardus) zu Bernhard …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Bernhardi — /bɛənˈhadi/ (say bairn hahdee) noun Friedrich AJ von, 1849–1930, German general …   Australian English dictionary

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