Wycliffe


Wycliffe
Now recorded in the 'modern' spellings of Wickliffe, Wycliff, and Wycliffe, this is one of the most famous of all surnames in Christian history. One of the earliest nameholders being John Wycliff, the religious reformer and arguably the first English protestant (see below). The surname originates from the village of Wycliffe, in the far north west corner of the county of Yorkshire, near Barnard Castle on the River Tees. The village is ancient, being recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086, the first known gazetter of land ownership anywhere in the world. This recording was in the spelling of 'Witclive', meaning 'The white cliff', the area being famous for its limestone. The later surname is a locational or 'from' surname. This is to say that it was given to people after they left their original homestead, and moved elsewhere. In the small communities of the Medieval Period, the easiest means of identification was to call a 'stranger' by the name of his, or sometimes her, former village. Spelling being erratic and local accents fairly thick, often lead to the development of variant spellings. In this case Wycliffe village was for many centuries on the front line of the endless boundary wars between the English and the Scots, and it is not surprising to find that the name is most often recorded a safe distance south! These recordings include John Whitcliv of the county of Somerset, in the Hundred Rolls of 1273, and John de Wycliffe, generally recorded later as John Wycliff, of London, and known as 'The Reformer. He was educated at Oxford University, and in 1361 was appointed Master of Balliol College, Oxford. However his tirades against the excesses of the church hierarchy were such that he was forbidden to teach his doctrines to his own pupiles. These included contentious issues such separate roles for temporal and spritual powers, and the fact that the Pope may legitimately be ignored! He died in 1384, but such was the feeling against him by certain 'authorities' that some forty years later his body was disinterred and thrown in a river. Other recordings include those of Johanna de Wyclaf in the 1379 Poll Tax Rolls of Yorkshire, whilst John Wicklif, of the church of St Mary Aldermary, in the city of London, in 1578, is given as being 'a relative of the Reformer'.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wycliffe — Wycliffe, a surname, may refer to:People*John Wycliffe (c.1320–1384), an English theologian and Bible translator *John Wycliffe Lowes Forster (1850–1938), a Canadian artist *Charles Wycliffe Goodwin (1817–1878), an Egyptologist *George Wycliffe… …   Wikipedia

  • Wycliffe —   [ wɪklɪf], Wỵclif, Wịclif, John, englischer Theologe und Kirchenreformer, * in Yorkshire vor 1330, ✝ Lutterworth (bei Leicester) 31. 12. 1384; war Professor der Theologie in Oxford und schließlich Pfarrer in Lutterworth. Seit den 1370er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wycliffe — Wycliffe, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wycliffe — (izg. vȉklif), John (o.1330 1384) DEFINICIJA engleski svećenik, teolog, filozof, reformator; žustrom kritikom pape i papinstva kao institucije, polemičkim istupima u prilog siromašnima i protiv bezobzirnog bogaćenja crkvenih dostojanstvenika te… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Wycliffe — or Wyclif [wik′lif] John 1330? 84; Eng. religious reformer: made the 1st complete translation of the Bible into English (from the Vulgate) …   English World dictionary

  • Wycliffe —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Wycliffe (Durham).  Wycliffe Titre original Wycliffe Genre série policière Créateur(s) William John Burley Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wycliffe — Wyclif ou Wycliffe (John) (v. 1330 1384) théologien anglais, précurseur de la Réforme. Il s attaqua au pape, aux indulgences, à la confession obligatoire et prêcha un retour aux écritures. Il défendit les paysans révoltés (1381), dans Servants… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wycliffe — noun English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328 1384) • Syn: ↑John Wycliffe, ↑Wickliffe, ↑John Wickliffe, ↑Wyclif, ↑John Wyclif, ↑Wiclif, ↑John Wiclif …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wycliffe — biographical name John circa 1330 1384 English religious reformer & theologian • Wycliffian adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Wycliffe — Wycliffism, Wyclifism, n. /wik lif/, n. John, c1320 84, English theologian, religious reformer, and Biblical translator. Also, Wyclif, Wickliffe, Wiclif. * * * …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.