Toman


Toman
This very interesting surname, widely recorded in Church Registers of England, Ireland, and also in the central European country of Czechoslovakia, has two distinct possible sources, each with its own history and derivation. As an English surname Toman is occupational in origin for the attendant or man-servant of one called Thom or Tom, itself a pet form of the male given name Thomas, from an Aramaic byname meaning "Twin", borne by one of the disciples of Christ. The suffix "-man", from the Olde English pre 7th Century "mann", indicates "servant of" when attached to the master's personal name. Early forms of thus surname occur in Yorkshire, and include: Nicholas Thomasman (Yorkshire, 1301), and William Thomeman (Yorkshire, 1379). On December 22nd 1631, Susanna, daughter of Jasper Toman, was christened at St. Giles', Cripplegate, London. The Czechoslovakian name Toman also derives from Thomas, surnames derived from given names being the oldest and most pervasive surname type throughout Europe. In 1686, the birth of one Jakobus Toman was registered at Klobouky, Hosteradky, Hustopece, Czechoslovakia. In Ireland, Toman is chiefly found in the Ulster county of Tyrone, and in areas lying to the east of that county, and is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic "O'Tuamain", grandson, male descendant of Tuaman, a personal byname from "tua", axe, hatchet, presumably held by a fierce and awesome warrior. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Thomeman, which was dated 1379, in the "Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Richard 11, known as "Richard of Bordeaux", 1377 - 1399. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Toman — is *Iranian toman*Josef Toman (1899–1977) czech writer *Karel Toman (1877–1946) czech poet *Marek Toman (1967) czech poet *Milan Toman czech hockey player *Vlastislav Toman (1929) czech writier of books and comics *Toman Laszlo (1937) hungarian… …   Wikipedia

  • toman — [ tɔmɑ̃ ] n. m. • XIIIe; de l arabo persan tûmân « dix mille » ♦ Ancienne monnaie d or de la Perse (encore utilisée comme monnaie de compte). ● toman nom masculin Monnaie d or frappée en Iran à partir du XVIe s. ⇒TOMAN, subst. masc. NUMISM.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toman — To*man , n. [Per. t[=o]m[=a]n; from a Mongol word signifying, ten thousand.] A money of account in Persia, whose value varies greatly at different times and places. Its average value may be reckoned at about two and a half dollars. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toman — Toman, 1) Rechnungsmünze in Persien, in 50 Abassis à 2 Mamudis getheilt; war ursprünglich auf 22 Thaler festgesetzt, fiel dann auf 16, dann auf 8, dann auf 4 u. ist jetzt (1863) nur noch 3 Thlr. 3 Sgr. 9 Pf. preuß. werth; 2) persisches Gewicht,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tomân — (Thomaund, Tomond, »Zehntausend«), die Einheit der freilich erst auf dem Papier stehenden persischen Goldwährung = 10 Kran (Gharân), aber tatsächlich etwa doppelt so hoch gewertet. Als Münze ist der T. seit 1878 dem französischen 10 Frankstück… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toman — Toman, persische Goldmünze = 7,12 ℳ …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Toman — Tomān (Thomān, Tuman), pers. Goldmünze = 7,156 M. (S. auch Tomin.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toman — Toman, pers. Rechnungsmünze, ehemals = 12, jetzt = 31/2 Thlr. = 5 fl. 61/2 kr. C. M …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • toman — tòmān m <G tomána> DEFINICIJA pov. perzijski zlatni novac ETIMOLOGIJA tur. tomak ← perz …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Toman — Le toman (en persan : تومان, Tomān, Toumān) (dérivé du mot turc et mongol tümen : 10 000 ) était la monnaie de l Iran jusqu en 1982. Il était divisé en 10 000 dinars. Entre 1798 et 1825, le toman était aussi divisé en 8 rials …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toman — Ein halber Toman, Iran, Nāser ad Dīn Schah Der Toman (auch Tomaund oder Tomond) war eine alte persische Goldmünze, die ursprünglich dem Dukaten glich. Sie wurde in 10 Kran à 2 Panabat à 10 Schahi (4 Schahi entsprachen einem Abassi) eingeteilt und …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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