- Recorded in spellings which include: Tyler, Tiler and Tylor (English), Thuillier, Tuiller, Tivolier, Thiolier, Theolier, Teulier, Tullier, and Tulliez (France), Tejero and Tojeiro (Spanish and Portugese) Tegeller, Tegler, Tegeler, Tiegeler (German), and Tichelaar (Dutch) , this interesting surname is of Roman (Latin) origins. It was originally an occupational surname for a maker or layer of tiles. The derivation is from the Latin word "tegula", meaning to cover, or from an early French form "tieuleor or tuilier". It would seem that the first recording of the name (see below) is from this source. Tiles were used for floors and pavements during the Middle Ages, and were not used for roofing to any great extent until the 16th Century. The surname development includes: Robert le Tiler of Essex, England, in 1222, whilst Wat Tyler was the leader of the Peasants Revolt in England in 1381, and John Tyler (1790 - 1862) was the tenth president of the United States of America in 1841. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger le Tuiler, which was dated 1185, in records of the Knight Templars of England in the 12th Century. This was during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.