This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from one of the many places thus called for example in Cheshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Middlesex, Shropshire and Suffolk. The placenames are recorded variously in the Domesday book of 1086 as "Actune, Aectune, Achetone, Achetune, Acton" and "Achetuna". Most of the places get their name from the Olde English pre 7th Century "ac", oak, and "tun", enclosure, settlement; hence, "settlement by the oak tree(s)". A few have the Olde English personal name "Acca" (a derivative of "ac", oak, and given with connotations of strength and reliability) as their first element, and would therefore mean "Acca's settlement". During the Middle Ages, when migration for the purpose of job-seeking was becoming more common, people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. Two of the families bearing this name are of considerable historical importance. The Worcestershire Actons, who held lands at Wolverton Hall near Pershore from the 16th Century onwards are descended from Sir Roger Acton, captain of Ludlow Castle, who was executed for treason in 1414. The historian, Lord Acton (1834 - 1902), came of a Shropshire family, first recorded in the county with William de Acton in the reign of Edward 111 (1327 - 1377). A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a red shield with an ermine fess within an ermine border. In Heraldry, red denotes Military Fortitude and Magnanimity, and ermine was an emblem of dignity. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Hugh de Acton, which was dated 1194, in the "Pipe Rolls of Shropshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Acton — may refer to:PlacesEngland* Acton, Cheshire * Acton, Dorset * Acton, Staffordshire * Acton, Shropshire * Acton, Worcestershire * Acton, Suffolk * Acton, London * Acton, NorthumberlandAlso:* Acton Beauchamp, Herefordshire * Acton Bridge, Cheshire… …   Wikipedia

  • Acton — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: Brigitte Acton (* 1983), kanadische Skirennläuferin Charles Januarius Acton (1803–1847), englischer Kardinal Eliza Acton (1799–1859), englische Köchin und Kochbuchautorin Ferdinando Acton (1832–1891), italienischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Acton —   [ æktn],    1) John Emerich Edward Dalberg [ dælbəːg], 1. Baron Acton (seit 1869), britischer Historiker, * Neapel 10. 1. 1834, ✝ Tegernsee 19. 6. 1902, Enkel von 2); studierte u. a. in München bei I. Döllinger; seit 1859 als Liberaler im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Acton — Acton, CA U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 2390 Housing Units (2000): 873 Land area (2000): 4.642310 sq. miles (12.023528 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.642310 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Acton — [ak′tən] 1st Baron ( John Emerick Edward Dalberg Acton) 1834 1902; Eng. historian: known as Lord Acton …   English World dictionary

  • Acton — Ac ton, n. [OF. aketon, auqueton, F. hoqueton, a quilted jacket, fr. Sp. alcoton, algodon, cotton. Cf. {Cotton}.] A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket plated with mail. [Spelled also {hacqueton}.] [Obs.] Halliwell. Sir W.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acton — Acton, Joseph, geb. 1737 zu Besançon, Sohn des irländischen Baronets Ed. Hecton, der zu Besançon Arzt war, trat in französische, dann als Fregattencapitän in toscanische Seedienste; 1775 führte er die toscanischen, mit der spanischen Flotte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Acton — (spr. Äktn), Postortschaft 1) im Canton York des nordamerikanischen Staates Maine, 1350 Ew.; 2) im Canton Middlesex des Staates Massachusetts, an her Boston u. Fitchburg Eisenbahn; 1600 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Acton — (spr. äckt n), westl. Vorort von London, (1901) 37.744 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Acton — Acton, Jos., geb. 1737 zu Besançon, von einer ausgewanderten irischen Familie abstammend. Zuerst französ., dann toscan. Seeoffizier, machte 1775 den spanisch toscanischen Seezug gegen Algier mit und zeichnete sich aus. Trat in neapolitan. Dienste …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Acton — ACTON, onis, Græc. Ἄκτων, ωνος, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) Myrmidons und der Pisidices, einer Tochter des Aeolus, Sohn, und Bruder des Antiphus, der aber auch sonst, und wie es scheint, fast besser, Actor genennet wird. Apollodor. lib. I. c. 7. §. 2 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

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