The Old English word 'stoc' meaning 'a place', has given birth to many surnames. These include Stock, Stoke, Stoak, and Stook, although in fact their plural forms are the usual spelling. Quite why the plurality developed is generally accepted as being dialectal, it being easier in pronunciation to add the final 's'. The confusion is further heightened by the fact that the earliest plural spellings often pre-date the base form, although again this is probably owing to a lack of recordings. In this case we have one of the earliest of all surnames, and these examples include Cnut de Stoch in the 1166 Derbyshire Pipe Rolls, William atte Stokkes in the 1310 Hertfordshire Rolls, and Rose atte Stock of Essex in 1315. As a place name 'Stoke' is found widely in Devon, Somerset, Derbyshire, etc. One of the earliest recorded Barons was William Stoc, who appears in the Knight Templar (Crusader) Rolls for Warwickshire in 1185. The later post medieval developed spellings include Thomas Stookes who married Alse Feild at St Brides Church, Fleet Street, London, on May 17th 1590, and William Stooke, the father of Deborah Stooke, a witness at her christening of March 4th 1653. This latter event is particularly interesting as it occurred during the period of 'The Commonwealth' after the execution of Charles 1st in 1649. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ricerus de Stokas, which was dated 1084, The Geld Roll (Domesday Book) for Somerset in 1084, during the reign of King William 1, known as 'The Conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Stoke — may refer to the following:Place namesUnited Kingdom*Stoke is one of the most common place names in the United Kingdom and in historical documents.Originally from the Old English stoc meaning place , it came to be used in two special senses, i) a …   Wikipedia

  • Stoke — Administration Pays  Canada Province …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stoke — steht für: Stoke City (offiziell: Stoke City Football Club), englischer Fußballverein aus Stoke on Trent Melis Stoke (um 1235–um 1305), niederländischer Geschichtsschreiber Stoke on Trent, englische Stadt in den Midlands, Vereinigtes Königreich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stoke — [stəuk US stouk] v also stoke up [T] [Date: 1600 1700; : Dutch; Origin: stoken] 1.) to add more coal or wood to a fire ▪ I stoked the furnace for the night. 2.) to cause something to increase ▪ Rising oil prices stoked inflation. stoke… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Stoke — Stoke, v. t. [OE. stoken, fr. D. stoken, fr. stok a stick (cf. OF. estoquier to thrust, stab; of Teutonic origin, and akin to D. stok). See {Stock}.] 1. To stick; to thrust; to stab. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Nor short sword for to stoke, with point… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stoke — [ stouk ] or ,stoke up verb transitive 1. ) to add fuel to a fire 2. ) to make a feeling stronger: I didn t want to stoke her anger further …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Stoke — Stoke, v. i. To poke or stir up a fire; hence, to tend the fires of furnaces, steamers, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stoke — Stoke, s. Stoke upon Trent …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stoke — Stoke, engl. Stadt, s. Stoke upon Trent …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • stoke — 1650s (implied in stoker), to feed and stir up a fire in a fireplace, from Du. stoken to stoke, from M.Du. stoken to poke, thrust, related to stoc stick, stump, from P.Gmc. *stok , variant of *stik , *stek pierce, prick (see STICK (Cf. stick)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • stoke — ► VERB 1) add coal to (a fire, furnace, etc.). 2) encourage or incite (a strong emotion). 3) (stoke up) informal consume a large quantity of food to give one energy …   English terms dictionary

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