Spain


Spain
This most interesting surname, found in England and Ireland, is a habitational name from either Epaignes in Eure, France, so called because it was established by colonists from Spain in Roman times, or from Espinay in Ille-de-Vilaine, Brittany, from the Old French word "espine", a thorn bush. In Ireland the name appears to have been acquired by a person who lived in Spain for a period, as important historical and trading links existed between Irish coastal towns, especially in the south west, and Spain. The surname first appears in the late 12th Century (see below), and other early recordings include: Thomas Spane, who appeared in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire in 1302; Thomas de Spaigne, who was recorded in the Calendar of Letter Books of London, dated 1318; and John Spayne, who was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1327. Alueredus de Hispania, who appeared in the Domesday Book of 1086, came from Espaignes. Recordings from London Church Registers include: the christening of Anne Spaine at St. Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, on December 30th 1579, and the marriage of Mary Spain and Walter Herbart at Christ Church, Newgate, on December 25th 1697. A Coat of Arms was granted to a Spain family who resided in Essex, which is described thus: "Quarterly, green and gold, over all a baton of the second". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard de Espaigne, which was dated 1179, in the "Pipe Rolls of Essex", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spain — • This name properly signifies the whole peninsula which forms the south western extremity of Europe. Since the political separation of Portugal, however, the name has gradually come to be restricted to the largest of the four political divisions …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SPAIN — (in Hebrew at first אספמיא then ספרד), country in S.W. Europe. The use of the word Spain to denote Sepharad has caused some confusion in research. Spain came into being long after the Jews had been expelled from the Crowns of Castile and Aragon,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Spain — (englische Bezeichnung für Spanien) steht für Spain (Album), ein Album der Band Between the Trees Spain (Band), eine US amerikanische Rock Band Spain ist der Name folgender Orte: Spain (South Dakota), in den USA Port of Spain, die Hauptstadt von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spain — a country in southwest Europe, between France and Portugal, which includes the Balearic and Canary Islands. It is a member of the ↑EU. Population: 40,038,000 (2001). Capital: Madrid. For many British people, Spain is a popular place to go for a… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Spain — c.1200, from Anglo Fr. Espayne, from L.L. Spania, from L. Hispania (see SPANIARD (Cf. Spaniard)). The usual Old English form was Ispania …   Etymology dictionary

  • Spain — [spān] [ME Spaine, aphetic < Anglo Fr Espaigne < OFr < LL Spania, for L Hispania (prob. infl. by Gr Spania)] country in SW Europe, on the Iberian peninsula: 190,191 sq mi (492,593 sq km); pop. 38,872,000; cap. Madrid: Sp. name ESPAÑA …   English World dictionary

  • Spain — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Spain (disambiguation). Kingdom of Spain Reino de España …   Wikipedia

  • Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… …   Universalium

  • Spain — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Spain <p></p> Background: <p></p> Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to …   The World Factbook

  • Spain —    Although it was officially neutral during World War II, Spain’s sympathies were with Germany. After the fall of France in 1940, tens of thousands of refugees, mostly Jews, attempted to enter Spain so as to reach seaports where they hoped to… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Spain —    Estimated Gypsy population (excluding the non Romany Quinquilleros): 700,000. The first records of Gypsies in Spain date from the 15th century and refer to companies that crossed the border from France. However, some scholars think that… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies


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