Saxon

This very interesting name recorded as Saxton, Sexton, Sexen,and Saxon, is generally English, but sometimes is Irish. It has at least three possible origins. The first and most likely is locational from one of the villages called Saxton, found in Yorkshire, Cambridge, and Surrey. Saxton in the West Riding of Yorkshire was the site of the battle of Towton, during the famous Wars of the Roses from 1422 to 1485. In all cases the village name and hence the surname translates as "the settlement (tun) of the Saxons". An example from this source of the early recordings is that of Johannes de Saxton, in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls for the city of York. The second possibility is that for some nameholders at least, their ancestors held the position of sexton or church warden. This derives from the Middle English "sexteyn", a derivative of the Old French "secrestein", introduced by the Normas after the 1066 invasion. An early recording from that source is that of William Sextain, in the Subsidy Rolls for the county of Sussex in 1327. The third possible origin is the anglicized form of the Gaelic Irish "O'Seastnain", meaning the "descendant of Seastnan", a personal name meaning "bodyguard" from "seasuighim", to defend. In the spelling of Sexton the name is mainly found in Limerick city where no less than eight Sextons have been mayors, although several were of English protestant origin. The first recording of the surname is shown to be that of Tomas Sekerstein, which was dated 1203, in the "Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • saxon — saxon, onne [ saksɔ̃, ɔn ] n. et adj. • 1512; Saisne 1080; bas lat. Saxo 1 ♦ (Le plus souvent au plur.) Membre d un des anciens peuples germaniques. Invasion de la Grande Bretagne par les Saxons unis aux Angles et aux Jutes (⇒ anglo saxon) . Adj …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saxon — в Мадриде, 2011 …   Википедия

  • Saxon — most commonly refers to: *Saxon people, a confederation of Old Germanic tribes *Anglo Saxons, early mediaeval peoples that settled in Britain **the Anglo Saxon period of English history *the inhabitants of the present day Free State of Saxony in… …   Wikipedia

  • Saxon IV K — DRG Class 99.51–60 Number(s): see text Quantity: 96 Manufacturer: Sächsische Maschinenfabrik, Chemnitz …   Wikipedia

  • Saxon — bezeichnet: eine Gemeinde im Bezirk Martigny des Kantons Wallis in der Schweiz, siehe Saxon VS eine Gemeinde im Département Meurthe et Moselle, Frankreich, siehe Saxon Sion eine britische Heavy Metal Band, siehe Saxon (Band) einen XSL und XQuery… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saxon V K — DRG Class 99.61 Number(s): 201 209 99 611 619 Quantity: 9 Manufacturer: Sächsische Maschinenfabrik, Chemnitz Year(s) of manufacture …   Wikipedia

  • Saxon — Sax on (s[a^]ks [u^]n or n), n. [L. Saxo, pl. Saxones, from the Saxon national name; cf. AS. pl. Seaxe, Seaxan, fr. seax a knife, a short sword, a dagger (akin to OHG. sahs, and perhaps to L. saxum rock, stone, knives being originally made of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saxon — puede referirse a: Saxon, comuna suiza del cantón del Valais; Saxon, grupo musical británico; Saxon XSLT, software; John Saxon, actor estadounidense; la traducción inglesa del gentilicio sajón; Saxon, automóvil producido entre 1913 y 1923. Esta… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saxon — Sax on, a. Of or pertaining to the Saxons, their country, or their language. (b) Anglo Saxon. (c) Of or pertaining to Saxony or its inhabitants. [1913 Webster] {Saxon blue} (Dyeing), a deep blue liquid used in dyeing, and obtained by dissolving… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • saxon — SAXÓN, Ă, saxoni, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Persoană care făcea parte din populaţia de bază a vechii Saxonii sau care era originară de acolo; (la m. pl.) uniune de triburi germane care locuia în vechea Saxonie. 2. adj. Care aparţine… …   Dicționar Român

  • Saxon — [sak′sən] n. [ME < LL Saxo, pl. Saxones < WGmc name > OE Seaxan < base akin to OHG sahs, sword, knife & L saxum, rock, stone, secare, to cut (see SAW1): hence, orig. ? knife bearers] 1. a member of an ancient Germanic people of… …   English World dictionary

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