This interesting surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a locational name from the parish of Sandcroft or St. Cross in South Elmham, East Suffolk. Sandcroft is one of six adjacent parishes, the others being All Saints and St. Nicholas, St. James, St. Margaret, St. Michael and St. Peter. Elmham St. Cross was recorded as "Sancroft" in the "Valuation of Norwich", dated 1254, and as "Sandcroft" in the "Index to the Charter and Rolls in the British Museum", dated 1391; however, the first recording of the surname (see below) suggests that the interchange of "Sandcroft" for "St. Cross" occurred at a still earlier date. Dedications of churches to St. Cross are not to a saint, but to the Holy Cross, or more specifically Christ in the Cross, the object most closely associated with his redemptive death. The fine poem, "The Dream of the Rood", shows the Anglo-Saxon veneration of the Cross. In 1450, the birth of one Robert Sandcroft was recorded in Fressingfield, Suffolk, and on June 3rd 1547, Jone, daughter of George Sandcraft, was christened at Wingfield, also in Suffolk. In the modern idiom the name is variously spelt Sancroft, Sancraft, Sandcroft and Sandcraft. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a silver shield with three doves of the same colour on a red chevron between three red crosses formee. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Sandecroft, which was dated 1200, in the "Feet of Fines of Suffolk", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 -1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sancroft, William — ▪ archbishop of Canterbury born Jan. 30, 1617, Fressingfield, Suffolk, Eng. died Nov. 24, 1693  archbishop of Canterbury, leader of a group of seven bishops who were imprisoned for opposing policies of the Roman Catholic king James II.       In… …   Universalium

  • Sancroft, William — (1617–93)    Archbishop and Sect Founder.    Sancroft was educated at the University of Cambridge. In 1662 he was appointed to be a chaplain to King Charles II and in 1665 he became Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral. He was thus closely involved with… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • SANCROFT, WILLIAM —    an English prelate, born in Suffolk; rose through a succession of preferments to be Archbishop of Canterbury; was with six other bishops committed to the Tower for petitioning against James II. s second Declaration of Indulgence; refused to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • William Sancroft — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = William Sancroft birth name = began = 1677 term end = 1690 predecessor = Gilbert Sheldon successor = John Tillotson birth date = 30 January 1617| birthplace = Fressingfield, Suffolk, England death date …   Wikipedia

  • William Sancroft — (30 janvier 1617 – 24 novembre 1693) est un ecclésiastique britannique, et le soixante dix neuvième archevêque de Cantorbéry. Il aide à la reconstruction de Londres après le Grand incendie. Il refuse d accepter Guillaume III comme roi, et est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Sirens of Time — Bigfinishbox title=The Sirens of Time series= Doctor Who number=1 featuring=Fifth Doctor Sixth Doctor Seventh Doctor writer=Nicholas Briggs director=Nicholas Briggs producer=Gary Russell Jason Haigh Ellery executive producer=Stephen Cole… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary II of England — Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (more...) Reign 13 February 1689 – 28 December 1694 Coronation …   Wikipedia

  • John Tillotson — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = John Tillotson birth name = began = April 1691 term end = 22 November 1694 predecessor = William Sancroft successor = Thomas Tenison birth date = October 1630 | birthplace = Sowerby, Yorkshire death… …   Wikipedia

  • Fressingfield — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 52.350438 longitude= 1.298188 official name= Fressingfield population = shire district= Mid Suffolk region= East of England shire county = Suffolk constituency westminster= Central Suffolk and North… …   Wikipedia

  • María II de Inglaterra — Reina de Inglaterra, Irlanda y Escocia …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.