Roman

This unusual and interesting surname of many spelling variations, has two possible origins. The first is from the Latin personal name "Romanus", itself originally a pre-christian byname. This given name was however borne by several early saints, including a 7th Century bishop of Rouen. Popular in Northern France, it was introduced into England by the Normans after the 1066 Invasion. The second possible origin is from the Old French "Romeyn", this time a locational nickname for someone either from Rome, or even from Italy in general. Indeed the name could apply to one who had simply visited Rome, perhaps on a pilgrimage. The early surname development and recording in England includes William Rome of Sussex in the 1296 Subsidy Rolls of that county, John Roman of Essex in the 1367 rolls of Chelmsford, John de Rome of Yorkshire in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls, and George Romans of the same county in the Friary rolls of 1636. The modern surname can be found as Rome, Roman, Romain(e) and Romayn(e), with the patronymic forms, indicating "son of Roman", being Romans, Romaines and Romaynes. Other later church recordings include the marriage of Thomas Romines and Dorathy Mattlersey at Holy Trinity, York, on January 23rd 1639, whilst Thomas Roome, the son of Thomas Roome of 'ye Parrish of St Johns, Barbadoes' was christened there on November 26th 1679. The coat of arms granted in Scotland in 1780 has the balzon of a silver field, on a blue bend between two red roses, a thistle between two fleur de lis in gold. The crest is a rose tree bearing roses proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam Romayn, which was dated 1208, in the "Surrey Curia Rolls", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • ROMAN — QUAND un genre littéraire, depuis plus de deux mille ans, produit par milliers des œuvres de qualité, et ce dans la plupart des grandes littératures – c’est le cas de ce qu’on appelle aujourd’hui en français le roman – qui, sans ridicule,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • roman- — ⇒ROMAN , élém. de compos. Élém. entrant dans la constr. de subst. masc.; le 2e élém. est un subst. postposé précisant le genre du roman. A. [Dans son rapport avec le temps] V. roman feuilleton (s.v. feuilleton B 2 b en appos.), roman fleuve (s.v …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • roman — roman, ane 1. (ro man, ma n ) adj. 1°   Il s est dit d un langage qu on a supposé avoir été intermédiaire entre le latin et les langues qui en sont nées, mais qui, en ce sens, n a jamais existé.    Aujourd hui, il se dit des langues qui se sont… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Roman — or Romans may refer to:* A thing or person of or from the city of Rome.; History * Ancient Rome (9th century BC – 5th century AD) ** Roman Kingdom (753 BC to 509 AD) ** Roman Republic (509 BC to 44 AD) ** Roman Empire (27 BC to 476 AD) ** Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman — Ro man, a. [L. Romanus, fr. Roma Rome: cf. F. romain. Cf. {Romaic}, {Romance}, {Romantic}.] 1. Of or pertaining to Rome, or the Roman people; like or characteristic of Rome, the Roman people, or things done by Romans; as, Roman fortitude; a Roman …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roman I. — Roman I. (* vor 1100 in Kärnten; † 3. April 1167 in Gurk) war von 1131 bis 1167 Bischof von Gurk. Er ließ Schloss Straßburg und den Dom zu Gurk erbauen. Schloss Straßburg Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • roman — Roman. s. m. Ouvrage en prose, contenant des advantures fabuleuses, d amour, ou de guerre. Les vieux romans. les romans modernes. le roman de Lancelot du Lac, de Perceforest. le roman de la Rose. le roman d Amadis. un roman nouveau. le roman d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Román — (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * Román, Antonio Román, san …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROMAN — ROMAN, town in Bacau province, Moldavia, N.E. Romania. According to a popular tradition, the first Jews settled in Roman in the second half of the 15th century. Another source attributes the beginning of the Jewish settlement there to the early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Roman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roman hace referencia a: Roman Jakobson, lingüista, fonólogo y teórico de la literatura ruso; Roman Petrovich, príncipe ruso; Roman Polański, cineasta polaco; Roman Cendoya, Niño Chileno; Roman, Rumanía, ciudad de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roman — román (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * ► C. del NE de Rumania, en Moldavia, distrito de Neamtƒ; 78 749 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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