This interesting surname is of early medieval English origin, and has two possible sources, the first being from the Norman personal name "Rol(l)ant", composed of the Germanic elements "hrod", renown, and "land", land, territory. The personal name was popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages as a result of the fame of one of Charlemagne's warriors, who bore this name. The second source is locational from places so called in Derbyshire and Sussex; the name is derived from the Old Norse "ra", roebuck, and "lundr", wood, grove; thus, "wood of the roebuck". Locational surnames were developed when former inhabitants of a place moved to another area, usually to seek work, and were best identified by the name of their birthplace. The modern surname can be found as Rowland, Rol(l)and, Rolance, Rowlands and Rollons. Recordings from Derbyshire Church Registers include: the marriage of Humfridus Rowland and Johana Hadfield, on August 25th 1604, at Baslow, and the marriage of Anthony Rowland and Ann Pirson on January 7th 1715, at Eyam. Coats of Arms were granted to Rowland families at Carew, in the Isle of Anglesea; in Shropshire; at Saxonbury Lodge, Frant in Sussex; and at Egham and Barnes in Surrey, which depicts a silver pile wavy on a black shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Simon Rolland, which was dated 1218, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Lincolnshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Rowland — ist Familienname folgender Personen Alfred Rowland (1844–1898), US amerikanischer Politiker Austen Rowland (* 1981), US amerikanischer Basketballspieler Charles Hedding Rowland (1860–1921), US amerikanischer Politiker Earl Jerrod Rowland (* 1983) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rowland — may refer to:Populated places *Rowland, Derbyshire, England *Rowland, North Carolina, USAPeopleInfobox Given Name Revised name = Rowland imagesize= caption= pronunciation = gender = Male meaning = region = origin = related names = wiktionary… …   Wikipedia

  • Rowland —   [ rəʊlənd],    1) Frank Sherwood, amerikanischer Chemiker, * Delaware (Ohio) 28. 6. 1927; seit 1964 Professor im Department for Chemistry der University of California (Irvine). Zusammen mit Molina untersuchte Rowland die Auswirkungen von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rowland — Rowland, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 1146 Housing Units (2000): 542 Land area (2000): 1.061294 sq. miles (2.748738 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.061294 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rowland, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 1146 Housing Units (2000): 542 Land area (2000): 1.061294 sq. miles (2.748738 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.061294 sq. miles (2.748738 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rowland [1] — Rowland, s. Wärmeeinheit …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rowland [2] — Rowland (spr. rōlǟnd), Henry, Physiker, geb. 27. Nov. 1848 zu Houesdale in Pennsylvanien, gest. 16. April 1901 in Baltimore, besuchte das Rensselaer Polytechnische Institut in Troy, erwarb 1870 das Diplom als Zivilingenieur, ging dann in die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rowland — [rō′lənd] n. a masculine name: see ROLAND * * * Row·land (rōʹlənd), F(rank) Sherwood. Born 1927. American chemist who shared a 1995 Nobel Prize for his work on the chemical processes involved in the formation and decomposition of ozone. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rowland — Frank Sherwood …   Scientists

  • Rowland — m English: variant of ROLAND (SEE Roland), or a transferred use of the surname derived from that name in the Middle Ages …   First names dictionary

  • Rowland — [rō′lənd] n. a masculine name: see ROLAND …   English World dictionary

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