This notable Irish surname is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic "O'Ruadhain", which translates as "the descendant of the red one". It is not proven whether "Ruadhan" (red) refers to complexion or hair, or to some notable event relating to the prowess of a warrior, but either way it is a descriptive nickname from the pre-medieval period. The clan originated in the two ancient areas known as Ui Maine and Ui Fiachrach, in Counties Mayo and Galway respectively, and even today, with some exceptions, these remain the principle places associated with Ruane. The 16th Century Elizabethan land Registers and the 1659 Petty's "census" of Ireland give the then spelling as mainly "O'Rowane" and "O'Rowghan", although there are many forms including O'Rowan, Rown, Roan and Rowan. An early example was Morietagh O'Rowane of Ballinvalle, County Wexford, who received a royal pardon on June 10th 1584; he was described as a "Gentleman". The O'Rowans of County Mayo were also described as "persons of property" in 1659, although this description would probably not have been given to Timothy Ruane, aged 22 yrs., of County Galway, who was one of the famine emigrants leaving on the ship "Barlow" of Liverpool, bound for New York in April 1847. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Felix O'Ruadhain, Archbishop of Tuam, County Galway, which was dated 1215, in the "Register of the Irish Prelates in the Vatican", Rome, during the reign of King John of England, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rown — Rown, v. i. & t. see {Roun}. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rown — Roun Roun, Rown Rown, v. i. & t. [AS. r[=u]nian, fr. r[=u]n a rune, secret, mystery; akin to G. raunen to whisper. See {Rune}.] To whisper. [obs.] Gower. [1913 Webster] Another rouned to his fellow low. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rown — ˈrau̇n dialect Britain variant of rowan …   Useful english dictionary

  • rown-wheel — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Durand, Asher B(rown) — born Aug. 21, 1796, Jefferson Village, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1886, Jefferson Village U.S. painter, engraver, and illustrator. He had established his reputation as an engraver by 1823 with his print of John Trumbull s Declaration of… …   Universalium

  • Durand, Asher B(rown) — (21 ago. 1796, Jefferson Village, N.J., EE.UU.–17 sep. 1886, Jefferson Village). Pintor, grabador e ilustrador estadounidense. En 1823 ya había establecido su reputación como grabador, con su grabado de la Declaración de independencia de John… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • roundel — /rown dl/, n. 1. something round or circular. 2. a small, round pane or window. 3. a decorative plate, panel, tablet, or the like, round in form. 4. Also, rondel. Theat. a round piece of colored gelatin or glass placed over stage lights as a… …   Universalium

  • roundelay — /rown dl ay /, n. 1. a song in which a phrase, line, or the like, is continually repeated. 2. the music for such a song. 3. a dance in a circle; round dance. [1565 75; alter. (influenced by LAY4) of MF rondelet, dim. of rondel ROUNDEL] * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • rounder — /rown deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that rounds something. 2. a person who makes a round. 3. a habitual drunkard or wastrel. 4. (cap.) Brit. a Methodist minister who travels a circuit among congregations. 5. rounders, (used with a sing. v.) a… …   Universalium

  • rounding — /rown ding/, adj. 1. round or nearly round. 2. of, pertaining to, or used for making something round. 3. turning, curving, or circling around. 4. pertaining to the mathematical process of rounding: a rounding error. n. 5. the act or process of… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.