There are some thirty spellings of this surname ranging from Roach (English), Rocke and Roc (French) Roca and Rocca (Italian), De Reorck (Dutch & Flemish), this interesting is topographical. It derives from the French word roche, and describes somebody who lived by a rocky crag or "les Roches", a place in Normandy. From this origin it became widespread in England and Ireland after the Norman invasion in the later 11th Century. In the modern idiom the surname has several variant spellings including Roach, Roache, and Roch(e). It became a completely Hibernized name, widespread in Munster and Wexford, where the original Roche settlers in Ireland were located. The placename Rochestown occurs frequently in Wexford, Cork and Kilkenny (Ireland). There is also evidence of the predominance of a powerful family of Roches in Fermoy, County Cork, where a large tract of land is known as "Roches county". Early recordings of the name in England include a Lucas de Roches entered in Hampshire in 1249 and a Ralph de la Roche in the Pipe Rolls of Cornwall in 1195. William Roache is recorded as a small landowner in the new world of Barbados, in the West Indies, circa 1678 - 1680. Father Philip Roche died for his prominent part in the 1798 Rebellion in Ireland, as did one Edward Roche. Sir Boyle Roche (1743 - 1807) was famous for his wit and "bulls". John Roach (flourised 1794) was a bookseller and compiler who kept a shop in Drury Lane, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Roches, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book (Bedfordshire), during the reign of King William, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roach — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: AJ Roach, amerikanischer Sänger und Texter Andy Roach (* 1973), amerikanischer Eishockeyspieler Archie Roach (* 1956), australischer Musiker Clifford Roach, karibischer Cricketspieler Danny Roach,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roach — can refer to:Animals * Cockroaches * Roach (fish), certain members of family Cyprinidae: ** the genus Rutilus , which includes the Common Roach ( Rutilus rutilus ) ** the California Roach of the monotypic genus Hesperoleucus Other * To clip,… …   Wikipedia

  • ROACH (M.) — ROACH MAX (1925 ) Dans l’univers des batteurs, Max Roach occupe une place très privilégiée. On ne lui doit aucune de ces innovations qui bouleversent le monde du jazz, aucune de ces révolutions qui ouvrent grandes les portes de l’histoire. Et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Roach — Roach, n. [OE. rroche; cf. AS. reohha, D. rog, roch, G. roche, LG. ruche, Dan. rokke ray, Sw. rocka, and E. ray a fish.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) A European fresh water fish of the Carp family ({Leuciscus rutilus}). It is silver white, with a greenish… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • roach — ☆ roach1 [rōch ] n. 1. short for COCKROACH 2. Slang the butt of a marijuana cigarette roach2 [rōch] n. pl. roach or roaches [ME roche < OFr < Gmc, as in MLowG roche, OE ruhha, roach, akin to OE ruh, ROUGH …   English World dictionary

  • Roach — Roach, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A cockroach. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roach — Roach, v. t. 1. To cause to arch. [1913 Webster] 2. To cut off, as a horse s mane, so that the part left shall stand upright. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roach —   [rəʊtʃ], Hal, eigentlich Harald Eugene Roach, amerikanischer Filmregisseur und produzent, * Elmira (N. Y.) 14. 1. 1892, ✝ Beverly Hills (Calif.) 2. 11. 1992; kam 1912 zum Film; bekannt durch Komödien der 20er und 30er Jahre, u. a. mit H. Lloyd… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • roach — Ⅰ. roach [1] ► NOUN (pl. same) ▪ a common freshwater fish of the carp family. ORIGIN Old French roche. Ⅱ. roach [2] ► NOUN informal 1) chiefly N. Amer. a cockroach …   English terms dictionary

  • roach — [rəutʃ US routʃ] n [Sense: 1,3; Date: 1800 1900; Origin: cockroach] [Sense: 2; Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: roche] 1.) AmE informal a ↑cockroach 2.) a type of European fish 3.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • roach — [ routʃ ] noun count 1. ) AMERICAN INFORMAL a COCKROACH 2. ) INFORMAL the end of a cigarette containing MARIJUANA 3. ) a fish that lives in rivers and lakes in Europe …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.