Recorded in over seventy spellings forms including Reuben, Ruhben, Rubin and Rubel, to diminutives and patronymics such as Reubbens, Rubenovic, and Rubinivitz, and 'ornamental' compounds such as Rubinfeld (ruby field) and Rubinsztein (ruby stone), this is a surname of pre 7th century Hebrew and/or Germanic origins. There is some confusion with the origin, in that it appears to derive from the given name of biblical times 'Reuven', meaning 'behold my son', but it may equally share roots with the German word 'rubin' meaning the ruby, and a derivative of the Latin 'rubeus' - red. There are few straight lines with names, and this is a good example of confused origins. Like many ostensibly Hebrew or Jewish 'names', it probably owes its original use in Europe to the legendary Christian Crusaders of the 12th century, who set out many times under different European rulers to 'free' the Holy Land from the grip of the infidel. In this self appointed task they were manifestly unsuccessful. Nethertheless it became the fashion for soldiers returning from the Crusades, to name their children after biblical figures, or at least people associated with the early Christian church. Most of these names such as Abraham, Isaac and Joseph as examples, were Hebrew, but they became 'christianized' in their early use as surnames, before in many cases, becoming predominently Jewish again after the 16th century! This particular surname was widely used in Germany, Poland, Russia and the Ukraine, but much more rarely in France, Italy and Britain. The earliest examples of the surname recordings in the world are to be found in surviving German charters and registers of the medieval period, and these include: Richter Rubynus of Brunn in 1240, and Nicolas Rubein of Munchen in 1377.Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RIVLIN — RIVLIN, distinguished Jerusalem family. The Rivlin family claims descent from moses rivkes (d. 1671), son of Naphtali Hirsch Sofer of the Prague Jewish community, son of Pethaḥiah Sofer of that community, son of the scholarly Joseph, and from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rivlin — ( he. ריבלין) may refer to:* Alice Rivlin (b. 1931), American economist * Hillel Rivlin (1758 1838), a Rabbi and student of the Vilna Goan, which revitalized Ashkenazi community in Eretz Yisrael. * Reuven Rivlin (b. 1939), Israeli politician *… …   Wikipedia

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  • rivlin — /rivˈlin/ (Scot) noun 1. A shoe moulded from untanned hide, worn with the hair to the outside 2. (in pl) tatters, rags ORIGIN: OE rifling, ON hriflinger hide shoe * * * rivlin variant of riveling1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rivlin — n. family name …   English contemporary dictionary

  • RIVLIN, YOSEF YIẒḤAK — (1837–1896), leader of the Jewish community in Jerusalem. Born in Jerusalem, Rivlin was a fourth generation descendant of Hillel Rivlin (see rivlin ), family the leader of the disciples of the Vilna Gaon who settled in Ereẓ Israel in the early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, JOSEPH JOEL — (1889–1971), Israeli educator and scholar of Arabic language and literature. Born in jerusalem , Rivlin was the son of Reuven Rivlin, the last secretary of the general council of Keneset Yisrael. His mother, a sister of avraham shapira , died… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, ALICE — (Mitchell; 1931– ), U.S. economist and government official. Born in Philadelphia, Rivlin was raised in Bloomington, Ind., and educated at Bryn Mawr College (B.A. 1952) and Radcliffe College, Harvard University (M.A. 1955; Ph.D. 1958). She had a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, ELIEZER — (1889–1942), historian and journalist in Ereẓ Israel. Rivlin was born in Jerusalem into one of its old established families. He went into business and then became the secretary of the United Old Age Home in Jerusalem. As a young man, he became a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, HARRY N. — RIVLIN, HARRY N. (1904–1991), U.S. educator. Born in New York, Rivlin was a schoolteacher before joining the department of education at the City College of New York. In 1939, he organized and headed the department of education at the newly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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