This well-known northern English surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is either a topographical name from residence in an overgrown valley, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "ruh", rough, overgrown, with "botham", valley, or a locational name from some minor, unrecorded, or now "lost" place believed to have been situated in the Staffordshire/Lancashire area because of the high incidence of early surname recordings from that region. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognizable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. The prime cause of medieval village "disappearance" was the enforced clearing of rural settlements to make way for sheep pastures at the height of the wool trade from the 14th Century on, along with natural causes such as the Black Death of 1348, in which an eighth of the population perished. The surname is variously spelt Robottham, Rowbotham, Ro(w)bottom, Roebottom and Rewbottom, in English Church Registers. On October 25th 1620, Richard Rowbottom and Allice Barlow were married at Bury, Lancashire. A Coat of Arms granted to the Rowbottom family is a shield divided per fess silver and black with a chief embattled between three roebucks counterchanged, the Crest being a gold eagle, pellettee, preying on a silver wing, vulned red. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Robottham, which was dated July 26th 1540, a christening witness at Betley, Staffordshire, during the reign of King Henry V111, known as "Bluff King Hal", 1509 - 1547. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rowbottom cardinal — In set theory, a Rowbottom cardinal (named after Frederick Rowbottom) is a certain kind of large cardinal number.An uncountable cardinal number kappa; is said to be Rowbottom if for every function f : [ kappa;] …   Wikipedia

  • Harry E. Rowbottom — Harry Emerson Rowbottom (* 3. November 1884 in Aurora, Dearborn County, Indiana; † 22. März 1934 in Evansville, Indiana) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1925 und 1931 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Indiana im US Repräsentantenhaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harry E. Rowbottom — Harry Emerson Rowbottom (November 3, 1884 March 22, 1934) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana.Born in Aurora, Indiana, Rowbottom moved with his parents to Ludlow, Kentucky, in 1885.He attended the common schools.He was graduated from Ludlow… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Rowbottom — is a logician and mathematician who got his PhD degree in 1964 from the University of Wisconsin Madison with a thesis entitled Large Cardinals and Small Constructible Sets under the supervision of Jerome Keisler. The large cardinal notion of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jo Rowbottom — Infobox actor name = Jo Rowbottom caption = birthdate = 1942 birthplace = deathdate = deathplace = othername = occupation = Actor spouse = Jo Rowbottom (born 1942) is a British character actress, best known for guest roles in numerous British TV… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Rowbottom — (1938 – 2009) est un logicien et mathématicien anglais. Il a obtenu son doctorat en 1964 à l université du Wisconsin Madison avec une thèse intitulée Large Cardinals and Small Constuctible Sets (grands cardinaux et petits ensembles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dwain Chambers — Personal information Nationality English Born 5 April 1978 (1978 04 05) (age 33) Lo …   Wikipedia

  • Eccles, Greater Manchester — Coordinates: 53°28′57″N 2°20′20″W / 53.4824°N 2.3390°W / 53.4824; 2.3390 …   Wikipedia

  • Aviva International Match — The facade of Kelvin Hall – the meeting s venue since 1988. The Aviva International Match is an annual indoor track and field athletics meeting which takes place in late January in Glasgow, Scotland. The televised competition is the first major… …   Wikipedia

  • University of Pennsylvania — This article is about the private Philadelphia based Ivy League university, colloquially referred to as Penn . For the public university located in State College, Pennsylvania, and colloquially known as Penn State , see Pennsylvania State… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.