This ancient Scottish surname is recorded in the spellings of Renfrew, Renfreu, Renfree, and the extra-ordinary Rentfree. The name derives from the city of Renfrew, although all the variant spellings of the name are probably English developments. The surname is first recorded in the 13th century, the first name holder being required to give an oath of allegiance to the government of Scotland who were 'between kings' from 1296 to 1306 when the famous Robert, The Bruce, claimed the throne. Eitherway in 1304 one Robert Reynfreu was a prisoner of the English and held at Old Sarum Castle, Salisbury. He was apparently released in 1307, perhaps as an act of mercy when King Edward 1st of England, known as 'The hammer of the Scots', died. Later recordings include Galfridus Renfrew in Aberdeen in 1408, and Bartholomew Renfrew of Glasgow in 1481. The London church registers include John Rentfrow, a witness at St Leonards church, Shoreditch, on July 7th 1669, and John Rentfree, at St Brides church, Fleet Street, on November 18th 1689. On January 5th 1761 Benjamin Renfree married Jane Jones at St Dionis Backchurch, whilst possibly the same Benjamin Renfree married a Mary Jones at St Leonards, Shoreditch, in 1769. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Reynfreu, which was dated 1296, pleaded allegiance to the Scottish council, during the reign of The Interregnum Government of Scotland, 1296 - 1306. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Renfrew —    RENFREW, a parish, burgh, and market town, in the Upper ward of the county of Renfrew, of which it is the capital; containing 3079 inhabitants, of whom 2027 are in the burgh, 3 miles (N. E. by N.) from Paisley, and 48 (W. by S.) from Edinburgh …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Renfrew — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Byron Renfrew (* 1928), US amerikanischer Jurist und Wirtschaftsmanager Colin Renfrew (* 1937), britischer Archäologe, geadelt zum Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn Renfrew bezeichnet außerdem: Renfrew… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Renfrew F.C. — Renfrew F.C. are a Scottish football (soccer) club from the town of Renfrew. Formed in 1912, they play in the Western Region of the Scottish Junior Football Association.They play at Western Park (although they are waiting for a move away,… …   Wikipedia

  • Renfrew — (spr. Rennfrüh), 1) Grafschaft an der südlichen Westküste Schottlands, am Clydebusen, 1150 QM.; theils eben, theils gebirgig, nur zum Theil fruchtbar, höchste Spitze: Mistislaw; Flüsse: Clyde u. Cart; See: Winnoch u. v. a.; Klima: feucht; 160,000 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Renfrew — (spr. rénnfru), Hauptstadt (royal burgh) der nach ihr benannten Grafschaft in Schottand, liegt am Clyde, oberhalb der Mündung des Cart und 3 km unterhalb Glasgow, hat Seiden und Musselinfabrikation, 2 Schiffswerften und (1901) 9297 Einw. Seit dem …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Renfrew — (spr. fru), Grafschaft an der Westküste Schottlands, 634 qkm, (1901) 268.934 E. – Die Hauptstadt R., am Clyde, 9297 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Renfrew — (Renfruh), schottische Grafschaft an der Westküste, zum Theil gebirgig, im Ganzen fruchtbar, mit 160000 E. auf 111/2 QM., bedeutender Baumwollefabrikation. Die Hauptstadt R. hat 3200 E.; in der Grafschaft liegen Paisley, Greenock und Port Glasgow …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Renfrew —   [ renfruː], Stadt im Verwaltungsdistrikt Renfrewshire, Schottland, am Clyde, westlich von Glasgow, 20 800 Einwohner; Maschinenbau, Herstellung von Kesseln, Reifenindustrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Renfrew — [ren′fro͞o΄] former county & former district of SW Scotland …   English World dictionary

  • Renfrew — infobox UK place country = Scotland country= Scotland static static image caption= Renfrew s location locally and nationally. official name= Renfrew gaelic name= Rinn Friù scots name= os grid reference= NS519186 latitude=55.86666 longitude=… …   Wikipedia

  • Renfrew — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Renfrew peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Localités 1.1  Canada …   Wikipédia en Français

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