Reef


Reef
Recorded as Reef, Reff, Rope, Roope, Roper, Rooper, Raper, Rapier (English), Riep, Repp, Reef (German), Reep, Reeper, Reepmaeker (Flemish and Dutch), and probably others, this is a surname of ancient origins. It is derived from the pre 7th century word "rap", meaning a rope, with where appropriate, the agent suffix "-er", meaning literally "one who does", and occupational for a rope maker. The surname is first recorded in England in the early medieval period and examples include Richard le Ropere in the Curia Regis Rolls of Hertfordshire in the year 1220, and Robertus Roper in the poll tax registers of Yorkshire in 1379. Bernard Riep is recorded in Saulgau, Germany, in 1420 and James Refe or Reef at St Andrews Holborn in the city of London, in 1588. In 1525 William Roper married Margaret More in London. She was the daughter of Sir Thomas More, executed by Henry V111th in 1535. An ancient lead box was discovered in the Roper Vault at St. Dunstan's church, Canterbury, where her husband was buried. This was opened in June 1824, and contained a head, assumed to be that of Sir Thomas More. The first recorded spelling of the family name in any form is that of Roger Raper, and dated 1219, in the Assize Court Rolls of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Henry 111rd, 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Synonyms:
(sail)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reef — Reef, n. [Akin to D. reef, G. reff, Sw. ref; cf. Icel. rif reef, rifa to basten together. Cf. {Reeve}, v. t., {River}.] (Naut.) That part of a sail which is taken in or let out by means of the reef points, in order to adapt the size of the sail… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reef — (r[=e]f), n. [Akin to D. rif, G. riff, Icel. rif, Dan. rev; cf. Icel. rifa rift, rent, fissure, rifa to rive, bear. Cf. {Rift}, {Rive}.] 1. A chain or range of rocks lying at or near the surface of the water. See {Coral reefs}, under {Coral}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reef — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Reef puede referirse a: Reef, banda de rock de los 90. Reef, compañía de articulos para surfistas. Obtenido de Reef Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reef — (Петра,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Petra, Петра, 81109, Греция Описание …   Каталог отелей

  • Reef — Reef, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Reefed} (r[=e]ft); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reefing}.] (Naut.) To reduce the extent of (as a sail) by rolling or folding a certain portion of it and making it fast to the yard or spar. Totten. [1913 Webster] {To reef the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reef|er — reef|er1 «REE fuhr», noun. 1. a person who reefs. 2. a short coat of thick cloth, worn especially by sailors and fishermen. 3. Informal. a midshipman. 4. a long scarf or muffler. reef|er2 «REE fuhr», noun. U.S. Slang. a cigarette containing… …   Useful english dictionary

  • reef|y — «REE fee», adjective, reef|i|er, reef|i|est. 1. marked by reefs or rocks: »the reefy entrance to a harbor. 2. characterized by reefs: »a reefy coast …   Useful english dictionary

  • Reef — Allgemeine Informa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • reef — [n] underwater or partially submerged ledge atoll, bank, bar, beach, cay, coral reef, ridge, rock, rock barrier, sand bar, shoal, skerry; concept 509 …   New thesaurus

  • Reef — Reef, 1) (Reefbanden), an den Segeln (mit Ausnahme der leichten, welche bloß bei mäßigem Winde geführt werden können, die man aber bei zunehmendem Winde sogleich bergen muß) eine Einrichtung, daß sie kleiner gemacht werden können; die Arbeit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Reef [1] — Reef, im Seewesen, soviel wie Reff (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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