This long-established surname is of early medieval English origin, and is an occupational name for someone who thatched cottages with reeds. The derivation is from the Middle English "red(yn)", to thatch with reeds, from the Olde English pre 7th Century "hreod", reed, with the addition of the agent suffix "-er". In its original sense "a man who has to do with", the "-er" designates persons according to their profession or occupation. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. In 1279, one Symon le Redere was noted in the Subsidy Rolls of Suffolk, and in 1420, William Redere was rector of Baldswell in Norfolk. A quotation from Blomefield and Parkin's "History of Norfolk" reads, "In 1512 John King, reder, was buried in the churchyard, and gave 20s. towards building St. Vaste's new porch", and in 1533, we are told that "the Reders, Thaxters and Rede-sellers" formed part of the Corpus Christi Guild Procession in Norwich. In the modern idiom the surname has three spelling variations: Reader, Reeder and Reder. On October 24th 1568, John Reeder and Grace Edwardis were married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the Reeder family is described thus: "Ermine, on a fess azure a leopard's face between two crescents or. Crest: A leopard's head azure, collared or." The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam le Redere, which was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Reeder — may refer to:Places in the United States: * Reeder Township, Anderson County, Kansas * Reeder Township, Missaukee County, Michigan * Reeder, North Dakota * Reeder Township, Adams County, North Dakota …   Wikipedia

  • Reeder — Reeder, ND U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 181 Housing Units (2000): 130 Land area (2000): 0.614706 sq. miles (1.592082 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.614706 sq. miles (1.592082… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Reeder, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 181 Housing Units (2000): 130 Land area (2000): 0.614706 sq. miles (1.592082 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.614706 sq. miles (1.592082 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Reeder — (Rheder, franz. Armateur, Propriétaire de navires, engl. Shipowner, ital. Proprietario di navi), allgemein Eigentümer eines zur Seefahrt verwendeten Schiffes, im Handelsprivatrecht der Eigentümer eines ihm zum Erwerbe durch die Seefahrt dienenden …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Reeder — (Rheder), der Eigentümer eines zum Erwerb durch die Seefahrt dienenden Schiffs; Reederei, s. Mitreederei; Reedereiflagge, s. Hausflagge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Reeder — Ein Reeder ist Eigentümer eines oder mehrerer Seeschiffe, siehe Reederei. Reeder ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrew Horatio Reeder (1807–1864), US amerikanischer Politiker Eduard Reeder (* 1826), deutscher Landwirt und Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reeder — Schiffseigentümer; Schiffseigner * * * Ree|der 〈m. 3〉 Schiffseigentümer, Schifffahrtsunternehmer [<mnddt. reder; zu nddt. reden „bereitmachen, ausrüsten“; → Reede] * * * Ree|der, der; s, [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. rēder, zu: rēden =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Reeder — der Reeder, (Aufbaustufe) jmd., der ein Schifffahrtsunternehmen betreibt Synonyme: Eigner, Schifffahrtsunternehmer, Schiffseigner Beispiel: Die Piraten haben 2 Mio. Dollar Lösegeld vom Reeder erpresst …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Reeder — (von Reede), Eigentumer eines ihm zum Erwerb durch Seefahrt dienenden Schiffes (§484 HGB), fruher meist eine Einzelperson, heute haufig eine juristische Person oder eine Mehrheit von Personen (Reederei). Den Reeder trifft in Bezug auf die von… …   Maritimes Wörterbuch

  • Reeder — Reede »Ankerplatz vor dem Hafen«: Das im 17. Jh. aus dem Niederd. in die Schriftsprache übernommene Wort geht zurück auf mnd. rēde, reide »Ankerplatz«, vgl. gleichbed. niederl. ree, älter reede und schwed. redd. Die Herkunft der Bezeichnung des… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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