This long-established surname is of early medieval English origin, and has two distinct possible origins. Firstly, Ayris may be a patronymic form of "Ayer", itself a nickname for a man who was well known to be the heir to a title or fortune, deriving from the Middle English "eir, eyr", heir (Old French "(h)eir", from the Latin "heres", heir). One Ralph le Eir was noted in the 1208 Feet of Fines for Essex, and a Richard de Heyre appears in the 1274 Hundred Rolls of Gloucestershire. The second possibility is that Ayris is a patronymic for the Middle English personal name "Aier" or "Aer", itself coming from the Olde English pre 7th Century "Ealhhere", a compound of the elements "eal(h)", old, and "heri", army. Robertus filius (son of) Aier was noted in the 1166 Red Book of the Exchequer, and a Robert Aier in the 1201 Pipe Rolls of Shropshire. Aston Eyre (Shropshire) was held in 1221 by Robert, grandson of Aer, identical with the latter (above). In the modern idiom the surname has several spelling variations, ranging from Ayers, Ayres, Ayris and Aires, to Eayrs, Eyres and Eyers. A quotation from the "History of Norfolk" (Blomefield and Parkin) reads, "This year (1510) was Thomas Ayers, priest, of Norwich, burnt at Eccles". On July 14th 1689, Eliza, daughter of Mosses and Jane Ayris, was christened at Allhallows, London Wall, London, and on June 12th 1724, the christening of Joseph, son of John Ayris, took place at Bookham, Surrey. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Ayer, which was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cyril Ayris — is an author and journalist from Western Australia who specialises in writing books on important historical subjects. He has won two Arthur Lovekin Prize in Journalism awards. His books include: Fremantle Prison: A brief history (1985) John… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Cranmer — Cranmer redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Cranmer (surname). Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury Portrait by Gerlach Flicke, 1545[ …   Wikipedia

  • WA Media Awards — The WA Media Awards are presented annually by the Western Australian Journalists Association. The awards recognise outstanding work by Western Australian reporters, photographers, graphic designers, cartoonists, sub editors, television… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayriss — Family name name = Ayriss pronunciation = Air riss region = Northamptonshire origin = Anglo Saxon related names = Aris, Ayris, Ayrifs [ [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/ ayriss/ Index ] ] The Ayriss family as known so far is split into… …   Wikipedia

  • C. Y. O'Connor — C.Y. O Connor, circa 1890s Born 11 January 1843(1843 01 11) Gravelmount, Castletown, County Meath Died 10 March …   Wikipedia

  • David and Catherine Birnie — David Birnie Background information Born 16 February 1951(1951 02 16) Died 7 October 2005 …   Wikipedia

  • Bob Marshall (billiards) — Robert James Percival Marshall, OAM, (born in Kalgoorlie in 10 April 1910; died in Perth on 23 February 2004) was a notable Australian amateur player of English billiards, who won the World Amateur Billiards Championship in 1936, 1938, 1951 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Yelverton O'Connor — (ca. 1890) Charles Yelverton O Connor CMG, est né le 11 janvier 1843 et est mort le 10 mars 1902. Ingénieur originaire d Irlande, il est connu pour ses travaux en Australie, notamment le Pipeline Gol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles O’Connor (Ingenieur) — Charles O’Connor Charles Yelverton O’Connor (* 11. Januar 1843[1] in Gravelmount, Castletown, County Meath in Irland; † 10. März 1902 am Robbs Jetty in Western Australia), war ein irischer Ingenieur, eine „legendäre Figur des f …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Айрис, Рене — Рене Айрис Renae Ayris …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.