Poulter


Poulter
This interesting and unsual name is of Norman French origin, introduced into Britain after the Conquest of 1066. It is an occupational surname for a poultry dealer, or a breeder of chickens, derived from the Old French term "pouletier, poletier", a derivative of "poule", chicken, from the Latin "pulla", young bird. The development of the surname includes Osbert le Puleter (1230, Shropshire), and Gilbert Poleter (1234, Oxfordshire). A popular medieval test, "Cocke Lorelle's Bote", speaks of "drovers, cokes, and pulters". One William Poulter married Alice Belley in London in 1621, and a Thomas Poulter, at the age of thirty-one, was an early emigrant to the American colonies; he left London on the "David" in September 1635, bound for Virginia. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aunger le Poltur, which was dated 1222, The Surrey Curia Rolls, during the reign of King Henry 111, "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poulter — is a surname, and may refer to: *Arthur Poulter, a British Victoria Cross recipient *Ian Poulter, a British golfer *Marlene Clark Poulter, an American television soap opera writer *Paul Poulter, a British Pickup Truck Racing driver *Ray Poulter,… …   Wikipedia

  • Poulter — ist der Familienname von: Ian Poulter (* 1976), britischer Golfer Will Poulter (* 1993), britischer Schauspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poulter — Poul ter, n. [OE. pulter. See Poult.] A poulterer. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Poulter — 1) That member of a noble or royal household whose duty was the provision of poultry and other foods; also the member of a monastery similarly charged. [< OldFr. poulet = a chicken] Cf. Obedientiary 2) Metrical form of a poem written in lines… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • poulter's — poul·ter s …   English syllables

  • poulter — noun ( s) Etymology: Middle English pulter, from Middle French pouletier, from Old French, from polet, poulet young chicken, young fowl + ier er more at pullet obsolete : poulterer …   Useful english dictionary

  • poulter's measure — noun Etymology: obsolete poulter poulterer, from Middle English pulter; from the former practice of occasionally giving one or two extra when counting eggs by dozens Date: 1576 a meter in which lines of 12 and 14 syllables alternate …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • poulter'smeasure — poul·ter s measure (pōlʹtərz) n. A metrical pattern employing couplets in which the first line is in iambic hexameter and the second is in iambic heptameter.   [From obsolete poulter, a poultry dealer (from the practice of giving a few extra eggs …   Universalium

  • poulter's measure — /pohl teuhrz/, Pros. a metrical pattern using couplets having the first line in iambic hexameter, or 12 syllables, and the second in iambic heptameter, or 14 syllables. [1570 80; so called because poulters (see POULTERER) used to give extra eggs… …   Universalium

  • poulter's measure — noun A metre with alternate lines of 12 and 14 syllables, because it was said that poulters gave 12 eggs for the first dozen and 14 if you bought a second dozen …   Wiktionary


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