Portugal

This is a very interesting English surname. According to the famous Victorian etymologist Canon Charles Bardsley writing in the year 1880, the origin is Portugese, or perhaps more accurately the surname originally described a person, probably a merchant, from Portugal. Recorded in the spellings of Portingale, Portigall, Portugal, Pothergill, Potteril, Puttergill, Putterill, and others, it is said to originate from the trading base of Oporto. The state of Portugal itself derives its name from the city of Oporto. This is from the original Latin word "portus", meaning a harbour. Portugal has traditionally been England's oldest trading partner, and it is not perhaps surprising that at various times merchants from both countries emigrated to the other. The medieval English spelling for Portugal was Portingale, and in its various developed spellings, this remains with us today. Early examples of recordings taken from the surviving church registers include John Portingale of Youghall in Ireland in 1569, and Jone Portigall of Prestbury in Cheshire in 1574. Other recordings are those of Katherine Putteryll christened at St Giles Cripplegate, in 1599, and John Pottergill who married Mary James at St Olaves, Hart Street, in 1640, both in the city of London, whilst in 1725 Hannah Portingale married John Ferre at St. Alphege, in Canterbury, Kent. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walterus filius Portingalliae. This was dated 1201, in the Curia Regis Rolls of Suffolk, during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Portugal —    The name Portugal comes from the name for a pre Ro man or Roman settlement named Portus Cale, near the mouth of the Douro River. The southern part of the Roman province of Gallaecia (now Galicia, Spain) was occupied by the Suevi (Germanic… …   Historical dictionary of Portugal

  • PORTUGAL — Malgré l’absence de frontières naturelles nettement dessinées, le Portugal constitue une région dont la personnalité n’a cessé de s’affirmer au cours de l’histoire. Les limites politiques séparant le domaine linguistique du galégo portugais de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Portugal — • A country on the west side of the Iberian Peninsula Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Portugal     Portugal     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PORTUGAL — PORTUGAL, southwesternmost country of continental Europe, in the Iberian Peninsula. Jewish settlement in the area began prior to Portugal s emergence as a nation. The existence of a significant Jewish settlement on the peninsula by 300 C.E. is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Portugal — es un país de la Europa sur occidental que forma parte de la Unión Europea (UE). El territorio del país se extiende sobre la fachada atlántica de la Península Ibérica, donde limita al norte y al este con España. * * * Portugal, Condestable don… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Portugal — Portugal, dieser Paradiesgarten von Europa, in welchem einst Camoens seine göttliche Lusiade sang, in welchem die treue Liebe und das tragische Ende der reizenden Ines da Castro am Quell der Thränen noch heute beweint wird, wo König Sebastian s… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Portūgal — Portūgal, europäisches Königreich (s. Karte »Spanien und Portugal«), der südwestlichste Teil der Pyrenäischen Halbinsel und des europäischen Festlandes, erstreckt sich zwischen 36°59 –42°8 nördl. Br. und 6°10 –9°31 westl. L. und bildet ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Portugal — C est dans le Morbihan que le nom a toujours été le plus répandu (il y est présent au moins depuis le début du XVIIe siècle à Sauzon, puis à Bangor, sous la forme Le Portugal). On le rencontre aussi en Savoie et dans les Pyrénées Atlantiques. Il… …   Noms de famille

  • Portugal [3] — Portugal (Geneal.). In P. sitzt seit 1640 das Haus Bragança (seit 1853 Bragança Coburg) auf dem Throne, welchen Johann IV. im genannten Jahre bestieg (s. Portugal, Gesch. S. 384). Als Johanns IV. Urenkel, König Joseph I. am 24. Febr. 1777 starb,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Portugal [1] — Portugal, europäisches Königreich, bildet mit dem östlich davon liegenden Spanien die Pyrenäische Halbinsel; liegt zwischen dem Atlantischen Meere u. Spanien u. erstreckt sich in einer Größe von 1771, 375 geogr. QM. (nach Engelhardt 1739, 11… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Portugal [2] — Portugal (Gesch.). Das Land, im Alterthum zu Spanien gerechnet, wurde von verschiedenen celtischen Völkerschaften bewohnt, namentlich bis an den Tajo von den kühnen Lusitaniern, jenseit des Tajo von den Celtikern u. im Süden von den Cyneten.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.