Percival


Percival
This interesting name, with variant spellings Perceval, Percifull, Purcifer and Passifull, derives from the male given name Perceval, first recorded as the name of the hero of an epic poem by the 12th Century French poet Chretien de Troyes, describing the quest for the holy grail or chalice. The name is fancifully taken from the French elements "percer", to pierce or breach, plus "val", a valley, hence "pierce the valley", a nickname presumably given to a keen poacher or soldier remembered for his breach of a fortification. The exact origin of the name is uncertain; however, the most likely source is the Celtic "Peredur" from the Old Welsh meaning "warrior of the cauldron". This name was borne by a Welsh legendary hero of the Middle Ages and the cognate Old Welsh "Pair-cyfall" means "warrior of the Chalice". Early recordings of the surname in England incluce: Roger Perceval (Somerset, 1286); John Persval (Cornwall, 1297); and John Percival (London, 1372). Occasionally, the name may be of French locational origin from Perc(h)eval in Calvados, Normandy, as in Richard de Percevill (Staffordshire, 1203). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Percevall, which was dated 1229, in the "Calendar of the Close Rolls", Shropshire, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Percival — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Percival (1887–1966), britischer Lieutenant General Edgar Wickner Percival (1897–1984), britischer Pilot und Flugzeugkonstrukteur Harold Percival (Harold Franz Passawer Percival; 1876–1944),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Percival — or Perceval is one of King Arthur s legendary Knights of the Round Table. In Welsh literature his name is Peredur (see the Peredur article for that legendary figure). He is most famous for his involvement in the quest for the Holy Grail.… …   Wikipedia

  • Percival — (spr. Perrsiwäll), James. Gates, geb. 1795 zu Berlin im Staate Connecticut, studirte Medicin in Neu Haven, wurde 1824 Hülfschirurg in der Armee u. nach Westpoint als. Lehrer der Chemie stationirt, resignirte aber nach einigen Monaten; 1835 wurde… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Percival — m English: from Arthurian legend in its Old French versions, where the name is spelled Perceval. According to Chrétien de Troyes (12th century) and Wolfram von Eschenbach (c.1170–1220), Perceval (German Parzifal) was the perfectly pure and… …   First names dictionary

  • Percival — or Perceval [pʉr′si vəl] n. [OFr Perceval, prob. < perce val, pierce valley: apparently coined by CHRÉTIEN DE TROYES (12th c.)] 1. a masculine name: dim. Percy; var. Perceval 2. PERCIVALE …   English World dictionary

  • Percival — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Percival est un prénom masculin ou un nom anglo saxon. Il viendrait du vieux français « transpercer la voile ».[réf. nécessaire] Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Percival P.74 — Infobox Aircraft name=P.74 caption= Hunting Percival P.74 being readied for flight testing c. 1956 type=Helicopter manufacturer=Percival Aircraft Company designer= first flight= introduced= status=Cancelled 1956 primary user= produced= number… …   Wikipedia

  • Percival — /perr seuh veuhl/, n. 1. Also, Perceval, Percivale. Arthurian Romance. a knight of King Arthur s court who sought the Holy Grail: comparable to Parzival or Parsifal in Teutonic legend. 2. a male given name: from Old French words meaning pierce… …   Universalium

  • Percival — Provenance. Vient du gallois Peredur Nom d un héros de roman breton du XIIème siècle. Se fête le 29 juin. Histoire. Les Perceval sont fêtés avec les Pierre . Pierre était le chef des douze apôtres. Il s appelait Simon et était pêcheur sur le lac… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • Percival — Per•ci•val or Perceval [[t]ˈpɜr sə vəl[/t]] n. myt a knight of King Arthur s court who sought the Holy Grail …   From formal English to slang


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