Oxford

This interesting medieval surname is English. Recorded as Oxford and the original Oxenford, it is locational from the city of Oxford, the county town of Oxfordshire. The placename is derived from the Old English pre 7th century word "oxa", meaning the ox and "forda", a shallow river crossing suitable for traffic, and thus cattle ford. The place name was first recorded as "Oxnaford" in the famous Anglo-Saxon Chronicles of the year 912 a.d., and later as "Oxeneford" in the Domesday Book of 1086. Locational surnames were usually developed when former inhabitants of a place moved to another area, often to seek work, and were best identified by the name of their birthplace. In this case the surname development since 1086 has included examples such as Walter de Oxenforde in the city of London in 1319, Johannes de Oxenford of Yorkshire in the Poll Tax rolls of 1379, Ann Oxford, who was christened at St Brides church, Fleet Street, in the city of London in 1593, whilst Job Oxford married Margrett Godworth on July 15th 1660 at St. Dunstan's in the East, Stepney. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ulric de Oxenford. This was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book for the county of Kent, during the reign of King William 1st, 1066 - 1087. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Oxford — Oxford, WI U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 536 Housing Units (2000): 259 Land area (2000): 0.999481 sq. miles (2.588643 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.026180 sq. miles (0.067806 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.025661 sq. miles (2.656449… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • OXFORD — OXFORD, English university town. The presence of Jews is first recorded in 1141, when they were despoiled by both claimants to the throne during the civil war. The Jewry was in the center of the town (the present St. Aldate s Street). Oxford Jews …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oxford — • Oxford, one of the most ancient cities in England, grew up under the shadow of a convent, said to have been founded by St. Frideswide as early as the eighth century. . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Oxford     Oxford …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • oxford — [ ɔksfɔr(d) ] n. m. • 1873; de Oxford, ville angl. ♦ Tissu de coton à armure toile, dont les fils de trame et les fils de chaîne sont de couleur différente. Une chemise en oxford. ● oxford nom masculin (de Oxford, nom propre) Toile de coton,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oxford [3] — Oxford, 1) Stadt (city) und Grafschaft im südlichen England, in lieblicher Gegend, an der Mündung des Cherwell in die Themse, mit (1901) 49,336 Einw. O. ist eine der ältesten Städte Englands und bewahrt mit ihren zahlreichen von Wiesen u. Bäumen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oxford — es una antigua ciudad universitaria inglesa ubicada en el condado de Oxfordshire, en Inglaterra. De acuerdo al censo de 2001, su población es de 134.248 habitantes, aproximadamente. Su ubicación geográfica es latitud 51°44 29 N y longitud 1°16 38 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oxford — Ox ford, prop. a. Of or pertaining to the city or university of Oxford, England. [1913 Webster] {Oxford movement}. See {Tractarianism}. {Oxford School}, a name given to those members of the Church of England who adopted the theology of the so… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oxford — ÓXFORD s.n. 1. Ţesătură de bumbac sau de lână în carouri din fire colorate. 2. Rasă de oi care dau o bună producţie de carne. [< fr. oxford, cf. Oxford – oraş în Anglia]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 02.07.2005. Sursa: DN  ÓXFORD s. n. 1. ţesătură …   Dicționar Român

  • oxford — [äks′fərd] n. [after OXFORD] [sometimes O ] 1. a type of low shoe laced over the instep: also oxford shoe 2. a cotton or rayon fabric with a basketlike weave, used for shirts, etc.: also oxford cloth …   English World dictionary

  • Oxford — (Канны,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 12 Boulevard d Oxford, 06400 Канны, Франция …   Каталог отелей

  • Oxford [1] — Oxford (spr. Oxförd), 1) die erste der mittlern Grafschaften von England, zwischen den Grafschaften Warwick, Northampton, Buckingham, Berks u. Gloucester; 31,5 QM.; wellenförmig hügelig (Chiltern Hills), wird bewässert von der Themse (Thames),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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