Recorded as Orpen and Orpin, this is an English medieval surname. It is said that the name has French origins in the sense that it is derived from the French word "orpin", a term for a succulent herbaceous plant used in ancient times for medicinal puposes. It is probable that if this was the case then the first known nameholder one Elyas Orpyn of Northumberland, in the year 1298, was a herbalist or at least a practioner in early medicine. Many early surnames developed from the traditional uses of herbs and spices, although over the centuries the numbers have greatly declined leading in some cases to extinction. Whilst never a popular surname in the sense of Smith and Jones, this one has however survived in some numbers. It is recorded in the earliest directories, and it may be that as the plant itself was known for its long life, the surname may in some cases have been a nickname for a long living person or even a family with such traits. Early examples of recordings include Elizabeth Orpen in the Hearth Tax Returns of the city of Oxford in 1665, and Charles Orpin, who was married to Sarah Watson at St George's Chapel. Hanover Square, Westminster, in 1806.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orpin — orpin …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • orpin — [ ɔrpɛ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe; p. ê. de orpiment 1 ♦ Techn. Vx Orpiment. 2 ♦ (1262) Plante charnue (crassulacées) qui croît sur les toits et les murs. ⇒ sedum. Orpin brûlant. Orpin blanc. ⇒ joubarbe. ● orpin nom masculin (abréviation …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • orpin — Orpin, m. acut. Qu on dit aussi Orpiment, est Arsenic rouge, voyez Orpiment. Orpin, herbe, Telephium, Crassula maior …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Orpin — Or pin, n. [F., orpiment, also, the plant orpine. See {Orpiment}.] 1. A yellow pigment of various degrees of intensity, approaching also to red. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) The orpine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orpin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Orpin », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Botanique Orpin désigne plusieurs plantes,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • orpin — (or pin) s. m. 1°   Synonyme d orpiment. Orpin ou orpiment, le 100 pesant, payera 100 sous, Tarif, 18 sept. 1664. •   L arsenic sulfuré jaune du commerce vient du Levant ; il est employé dans la peinture sous le nom d orpin ; Wallerius dit qu on… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • orpin — orpine or pine, n. [F. orpin the genus of plants which includes orpine; so called from the yellow blossoms of a common species (Sedum acre). See {Orpiment}.] (Bot.) A low plant with fleshy leaves ({Sedum telephium}), having clusters of purple… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ORPIN — s. m. T. de Botan. Plante à feuilles charnues, à fleurs à cinq pétales, qui croît sur les toits, sur les murs. ORPIN, se dit aussi de L orpiment …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • ORPIN — n. m. T. de Botanique Plante à feuilles charnues, à fleurs à cinq pétales, qui croît sur les toits, sur les murs. ORPIN se dit aussi de l’Orpiment …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • orpin — BRÛLANT, nm. (plante) : râva de shyévra <rave de chèvre> nf. (Montricher, Villard Doron), érba dè varwi <herbe de verrue> (Clefs, Leschaux, St Ferréol), érba dè la bon na vyérzda <herbe de la bonne vierge> (Beaufort) ; pan d éjô …   Dictionnaire Français-Savoyard

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