This name, with variant spellings Oram, Or(r)um and Orrom, has two distinct possible origins. The first and most likely being a personal byname from the Old Norse "Ormr" meaning a "snake, serpent" or "dragon", and originally given as a nickname to someone thought to bear a fancied resemblance to one of these creatures. Alternatively, the name may be topographical for someone who lived near a prominent elm tree. The derivation in this case is from the Old French "orme" (Latin "ulmus"), an elm tree. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. "Orm" (without surname) appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 for Yorkshire, and an Orm de Hedoc is recorded in the 1169 Pipe Rolls of Lancashire. Alice filia (daughter of) Orme was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire, dated 1273. The surname appears in that year also (see below). William Orm of Kethe, was a Scots prisoner-of-war captured at Stirling Castle in 1305, and in 1593, Thomas Scott, servant to John Orme, was recorded in the burial records of St. James Church, Clerkenwell, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Orm, which was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Nottinghamshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orme — orme …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • orme — [ ɔrm ] n. m. • 1175; var. olme; lat. ulmus 1 ♦ Arbre (ulmacées) atteignant 20 à 30 mètres de haut, à feuilles dentelées, au bois dur et lourd. Orme champêtre ou orme rouge. Orme de montagne ou orme blanc. Orme tortillard. Allée d ormes. La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orme — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Other 4 See al …   Wikipedia

  • orme — ORME. s. m. Espece de grand arbre fort connu, qu on plante ordinairement, pour faire des avenuës aux Parcs, dans les grands maisons de campagne, & des allées dans les jardins. Grand orme, bel orme, orme masle ou à petite feuille. orme femelle ou… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Orme — Orme, TN U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 124 Housing Units (2000): 63 Land area (2000): 4.154480 sq. miles (10.760053 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.154480 sq. miles (10.760053 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Orme, TN — U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 124 Housing Units (2000): 63 Land area (2000): 4.154480 sq. miles (10.760053 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.154480 sq. miles (10.760053 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Orme — Orme, Philibert del , Architekt, s. De l Orme …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orme — Orme, Robert, geb. 1728 zu Anjango im Lande Travancore, stand in Diensten der Ostindischen Compagnie u. st. 1801 zu Great Erling in Middlesex; er schr.: Hist. of the military transaction of the British Nation in Indostan from the year 1745, Lond …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orme — Orme, Philibert de l , s. Delorme 1) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • orme — Orme, ou Oulme, Vlmus. Verges d ormes, Virgae vlmeae …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Orme — Ulmus …   Wikipédia en Français

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