This is an Olde English surname of truly ancient origins. It originates from the pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon compound baptismal name "Aurildis", translating as "fire-strife". This was a typical name of the Dark Ages, when parents gave their children both male and female, names which glorified war, victory, and religion, generally in that order! This was in the period upto the development of the first surnames from about the year 1100. Oriel, the name, has no apparent connection with the famous "Oriel window". This is from the French word "oriol", and seemingly was a term not introduced into England until about the 14th century, well after the development of this surname. The Oriel (sur)name is unusual in that it survived the Norman Invasion of 1066, and the later "crusades" when it became "politically correct" ignore tradiional Saxon names, and to give ones children names which were either French, William and Henry, or biblical, the famous John, Thomas, and Peter syndrome. Many Olde English names were killed off in the three hundred years after 1066, Oriel may have survived because it was thought to be French. Early examples of the name include Oriolda de Endrebi in the Yorkshire rolls for the year 1206, and Robertus Oriold in the pipe rolls of Hereford in 1230. The first hereditary surname recording is probably that of Roger Oriel, in the 1276 charters known as the London Letter Books.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oriel — d une maison de Turckheim, en Alsace. Un oriel (bay window ou bow window par anglicisme) est une avancée en encorbellement aménagée sur un ou plusieurs niveaux d une façade. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • oriel — [ ɔrjɛl ] n. m. • 1879; de l angl. oriel window « fenêtre sous une galerie, un auvent », a. fr. oriol, o. i., « porche » ♦ Fenêtre en encorbellement faisant saillie sur un mur de façade. Recomm. offic. pour bay window, bow window. ● oriel nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oriel — O ri*el, n. [OF. oriol gallery, corridor, LL. oriolum portico, hall, prob. fr. L. aureolus gilded, applied to an apartment decorated with gilding. See {Oriole}.] [Formerly written also {oriol}, {oryal}, {oryall}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A gallery for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oriel — ► NOUN ▪ a large upper storey bay with a window (an oriel window), supported by brackets or on corbels. ORIGIN Old French oriol gallery …   English terms dictionary

  • oriel — large recessed window, mid 14c., from O.Fr. oriol, perhaps from M.L. oriolum porch, gallery (mid 13c.), perhaps from V.L. *auraeolum, dissimilated from a dim. of L. aulaeum curtain. Despite much research, the sense evolution remains obscure …   Etymology dictionary

  • oriel — *window, casement, dormer …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • oriel — [ōr′ē əl, ôr′ē əl] n. [OFr oriol < ML oriolum, porch, gallery] a large window built out from a wall and resting on a bracket or a corbel; bay window …   English World dictionary

  • Oriel — An oriel window is a type of bay window which projects from a wall. Oriel may also refer to: Places in the United Kingdom: Oriel College, Oxford Oriel Street, Oxford Oriel Square, Oxford Oriel Chambers, Liverpool Places in Ireland: Oriel Park,… …   Wikipedia

  • Oriel — Airgíalla (auch Airgialla, Uriel, Orial, Orgialla, Orgiall, Oryallia, Ergallia) wird in heutigem Irisch Oirialla und auf englisch: Oriel genannt. Oriel war eine irische Föderation und ein irischens Königreich, das im 7. Jahrhundert entstand. Es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oriel — n. 1 a large polygonal recess built out usu. from an upper storey and supported from the ground or on corbels. 2 (in full oriel window) a any of the windows in an oriel. b the projecting window of an upper storey. Etymology: ME f. OF oriol… …   Useful english dictionary

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