This most interesting surname is of Old French origin, and derives from a nickname for a proud person, or a pageant-name for someone who played the role of a particularly vain or haughty person in a medieval play, from the Old French word "orgueil", meaning pride. Thus the name is an example of the sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. Nicknames were given in the first instance with reference to a variety of features, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, including supposed resemblance to an animal's or bird's appearance or disposition, or to habits of dress and occupation. The name in the modern idiom is also found as Orgel, Orgell, and Orgil. The surname is first recorded in the late 12th Century (see below), while other early examples include Walter Orgouyl, mentioned in the "Minister's Accounts of the Earldom of Cornwall", in 1297; and one Gerard Orgul, recorded in 1305, in the "Calendar of Early Mayor's Court Rolls". Jane Orgill married Nathaniell Maning on October 10th 1638 at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London. A Coat of Arms was granted to a family so called at Beccles, in Suffolk, which depicts a fess between three crescents, each surmounted by a red fleur-de-lis, on a silver shield. The Crest is a buffalo's head sable gorged with a wreath of roses proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Edmund Liorgil, which was dated circa 1198, in the "Early Charters of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul's, London", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Orgel — (de) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Orgel — Orgel …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Orgel — engl.: organ, ital.: organo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orgel — is a surname, and may refer to: Doris Orgel (born 1929), children s literature author Leslie Orgel (1927 2007), British chemist Stephen Orgel (21st century), Professor of English at Stanford University It may also refer to the Japanese word for a …   Wikipedia

  • Orgel — (v. gr. Ὄργανον, lat. Organum, ital. Organo, franz. Orgue), ein aus Röhren zusammengesetztes Blasinstrument, in Kirchen vorzugsweise zur Leitung des Gesangs, welches mittelst Bälgen u. einer Claviatur intonirt wird. Die Haupttheile einer O. sind… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orgel — Sf std. (9. Jh., Form 13. Jh.), mhd. organe, orgene, orgel(e), ahd. organa Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus dem Plural von l. organum n. Musikinstrument, Orgelpfeife ; dieses aus gr. órganon Werkzeug , auch Musikinstrument (sachlich liegt eine… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Orgel — Orgel, das großartigste, vollständigste, und hinsichtlich des mechanischen Baues das kunstreichste musik. Instrument, in Beziehung auf musik. Ausdruck aber das ärmste, weil keine willkürliche Veränderung der einzelnen Tonkraft möglich ist,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Orgel — Orgel: Der Name des Musikinstruments, mhd. orgel (neben organa, orgene), ahd. orgela (neben organa), geht zurück auf lat. kirchenlat. organa, die als Femininum Singular aufgefasste Pluralform von lat. kirchenlat. organum »Werkzeug, Instrument;… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Orgel — (lat. Organum, franz. Orgue), ein Blasinstrument von gewaltigen Dimensionen, sowohl hinsichtlich ihrer räumlichen Ausdehnung als auch des Tonumfanges mit keinem andern zu vergleichen. Die drei Hauptteile der O. sind: das Pfeifenwerk, der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orgel — (vom grch. orgănon, Werkzeug), das größte und volltönendste Tonwerkzeug, zugleich Tasten und Blasinstrument, hauptsächlich beim christl. Gottesdienst verwendet, besteht aus dem Windwerk (Bälge, Kanäle, Windkasten, Pfeifenstöcke und Kanzellen),… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orgel — (organum), musikalisches Instrument, besteht aus verschiedenartigen hölzernen u. zinnernen Pfeifen, deren Länge durch die Tonhöhe bestimmt ist (4 , 8 , 16 , 32füßig); aus Windladen, auf denen die Pfeifen stehen; aus Blasebälgen zur Füllung der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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