Orgen


Orgen
Recorded in various forms some very rare, and including Organ, Oregan, Orgen, Orgin, Origan, and probably Origin, this unusual surname is of early medieval English origin. It has two totally distinct sources, each with its own history and derivation. Firstly it may be a metonymic occupational name for a player of a musical instrument, although not necessarily what is now known as an organ. The derivation is from the Roman (Latin) word "organum", meaning a musical instrument. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary, usually when a son followed his father into the same occupation. The second possibility is that the name derives from a medieval given name Organus (masculine) or Organa (feminine). The etymology of the name is obscure, but may be Celtic. Early examples of the recordings include Organus Pipard in the Book of Fees for Oxfordshire in 1236, and John Organ of Cornwall. He was the son of Organa, the wife of Ives de Treworian, recorded a Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, for the county and dated 1327. Other examples of later recordings in the city of London include Tamazin Orgin who married Joseph Jackson at St Stephans church, on July 25th 1642, and Hannah Origan at St Giles Cripplegate, on April 27th 1859. The first recorded spelling of the family name is probably that of Robert Organ. This was dated 1210, in the Curia Regis Rolls of the county of Kent, during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • örgen — is. Organ, uzuv …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • örgen — urgan, I, 108, 195 …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • Jacob Orgen — Jacob Little Augie Orgen (1901 October 16, 1927) was a New York gangster involved in bootlegging and labor racketeering during Prohibition.Born to a middle class Orthodox Jewish family, Orgen became a well known labor slugger for Benjamin Dopey… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Orgen — Jacob „Little Augie“ Orgen (* 1894; † 16. Oktober 1927 New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Mobster während der Alkoholprohibition in den Vereinigten Staaten, welcher heute der Kosher Nostra zugerechnet wird. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Shapiro — Jacob Gurrah Shapiro (May 5, 1899 June 9, 1947) was a New York mobster who, with his partner Louis Lepke Buchalter, controlled industrial labor racketeering in New York for two decades and established the Murder, Inc. organization. Shapiro s… …   Wikipedia

  • Labor Slugger War — The Labor Sluggers War was a series of gang wars among New York labor sluggers for control of labor racketeering lasting from the first war between Dopey Benny Fein and Joe The Greaser Rosenzweig against a coalition of smaller gangs in 1911 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyman Holtz — Hyman Curly Holtz (c. 1896 1939?), also known as Hyman Little Hymie Holtz , was a New York labor racketeer who began working as a labor slugger for Jacob Little Augie Orgen during the early 1920s. However, as many of the younger members within… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Weiss (mobster) — Samuel Sammy Weiss (c. 1904 ) was a New York mobster and an associate and employee of labor racketeer Jacob Little Augie Orgen. As part in the gang war against Nathan Kaplan, Weiss, Orgen and Samuel Gepson were spotted and arrested by police… …   Wikipedia

  • Labor Slugger War — Mit Labor Slugger War (am. engl.: „Krieg der Arbeiter Schläger“) werden eine Reihe von Auseinandersetzungen in New York City im Umfeld der (gewaltsamen) Arbeitskämpfe von 1913 bis 1927 bezeichnet. Dabei ging um die Vorherrschaft im Kern des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nathan Kaplan — For the biochemist and cancer researcher, see Nathan O. Kaplan. Kid Dropper Born Nathan Caplin August 3, 1891 Lower East Side, New York, United States Died December 23, 1923(1923 12 23) (aged 32) Manhattan, New York, United States …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.